Roman Generalship In The Campaigns Against Britain Caesar Vs. Agricola

1795 words - 7 pages

Reasons for the first invasion of Britain in 55 BCThe planning stages of the invasion of Britain by Caesar in 55 BC are believed by historians to date back to 56 BC and possibly even 57 BC. He invaded because the Britons were giving aid to the Gauls and hence obstructing Caesar's efforts to defeat them: "omnibus fere Gallicis bellis hostibus nostris inde subministrata auxilia intellegebat" . This, however, was not the only reason - no other Roman military leader had made a successful campaign in Britain so a successful campaign would have 'dignitas' to it as well as Britain's widely renowned mineral wealth of metals such as gold, silver, iron and tin as a reward. 55 BC was the time at which an invasion became feasible and achievable.Factors contributing towards Caesar's successes and failures in BritainCaesar sent Caius Volusenus over to Britain to inspect the beaches and gather information about the island and find a suitable place to land. He returned to Caesar and told him what he had discovered: "Volusenus perspectis regionibus omnibus quantum ei facultatis dari potuit, qui navi egredi ac se barbaris committere non auderet, V. die ad Caesarem revertitur quaeque ibi perspexisset renuntiat." This had a positive effect because without this information, Caesar would have had no idea where he was going. This was one of the many bits of good planning on Caesar's part seen throughout the invasion.They arrived at Dover (>) with the enemy lining the cliffs making it impossible to land, forcing them to land further up the coast: "...atque ibi in omnibus collibus eitas hostium copias armatas conspexit. Cuius loci haec erat natura atque ita montibus angustis mare continebatur, uti ex locis superioribus in litus telum adigi posset." This had a negative effect in delaying the landing. The next plan was to land at a particular flat pebbly beach at low tide. There was a major tactical flaw in this because the ships were forced to anchor 600 feet away from the shore because of the depth of the water so the soldiers would then have to wade in that distance under heavy fire from British missiles. Most of the men were quite afraid of wading ashore under these conditions - "Quibus rebus nostri perterriti atque huius omnino generis pugnae imperiti, non eadem alacritate ac studio quo in pedestribus uti proeliis consuerant utebantur." This had a negative effect on the invasion because it temporarily lowered the soldiers' morale. They were inspired by the X legion's standard bearer, showing the constant loyalty of his men when he said "desilite, milites, nisi vultis aquilam hostibus prodere; ego certe meum rei publicae atque imperatori officium praestitero." As soon as he said this, the men jumped off after him, not wanting the standards to be captured by the enemy. It had a positive effect in encouraging the soldiers to fight. Caesar saw his men losing the battle so ordered the Warships to withdraw a little to attack the flank of the enemy in order to make the...

Find Another Essay On Roman Generalship In The Campaigns Against Britain - Caesar vs. Agricola

Julius Caesar and the Fall of the Roman Republic

3531 words - 14 pages spolia opima (Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus). After winning the civil war against Pompey, Caesar was bestowed more power than a single figure in the Roman Republic and gifted a 10 year service term as dictator for the Republic. Among these rites, Caesar was prearranged the rite to sit with the tributes of the people at the Roman theatre, an honor awarded only to him. Caesar’s large power included the ability to institute reforms, such

How Caesar contributed to the breakdown of the Roman republic

1399 words - 6 pages accepted the toga virilis and were recognized as grown-up men, civil war broke out, which culminated in the battleof Pharsalus (9 August 48) and the defeat of Pompey. From now on, Caesar was to rule the Roman world. Agrippa and Octavius must have witnessed his four-day triumph (more...), and Agrippa knew the dictator well enough to be able to convince him that he ought to pardon Agrippa's elder brother Lucius Vipsanius, who had fought against Caesar

Julius Caesar: The Fall of the Roman Republic

1543 words - 6 pages classes. As opposed to the Optimates whose sole focus was on superiority and nobility (Vroma.org, 2011). “His birth marked the beginning of a new chapter in roman history”. By 31, Caesar had fought in several wars and become heavily involved in politics; being appointed dictator and consul on multiple occasions (Biography.com, 2014). It was Caesar’s assassination and following events that ultimately brought an end to the republican form of

Augustus Caesar: The rise of the Roman Empire

654 words - 3 pages mark on history by creating the most fearsome empire in human history, all while setting the course for its inevitable destruction. The statue is of Augustus Caesar, the founder and first emperor of the Roman Empire. A man who, with an incredible lust for power, became the world’s most formidable ruler during his reign… During his early years, Augustus (then called Octavian), was nothing more than a citizen within the Roman Republic, born into a

What is understood by the term ‘Sub-Roman’ Britain?

2394 words - 10 pages The term ‘sub-Roman’ Britain is traditionally the name that refers to the period of British history that loosely charts from the end of Imperial Roman rule in AD 410 to the arrival of Saint Augustine and his Christian missionaries in AD 597. However, the date for the definitive end of the period is arbitrary as sub-Roman culture continued to develop in the country that would subsequently be known as Wales and similarly in the west of England in

Julius Caesar as the Noblest Roman of Them All

1087 words - 4 pages Julius Caesar as the Noblest Roman of Them All In William Shakespeare's " Julius Caesar" the victorious Mark Antony calls his rival Brutus, "the noblest Roman of them all". At the start of the play we witnessed Cassius persuade Brutus to join a conspiracy to kill Caesar. In my essay I intend to discuss four main characters in order to prove or disapprove Mark Antony's statement. The play starts off with Julius

The Roman Empire and Gauis Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus

998 words - 4 pages Gauis Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus. What kind of name is that? That would just happen to be the name of one of the greatest and most brilliant minds in all of history. Not only was Julius Caesar a superb politician and dictator of Rome, he was also a father, a military leader, and an amazing strategist. There are still some mysteries to Caesar’s life, as to what exact day he was born, his love life and much more. Although Julius is one

The Blitz in Britain

5735 words - 23 pages law (for treason only in a time of war) is still in place today in Britain including the death sentence for treason. Even if the caption wasn’t appropriate, the person who wrote it could still be sent to court for committing treason. Such harsh penalties were made for committing the offence of treason to try and stop any spy’s or people purposely going against the country they live in to an enemy. I do however believe that

fate vs free will in Julius Caesar

911 words - 4 pages Brutus that he can trust her to help him make the right decision and that she will not “disclose” his secrets to others (II, i, 926). Brutus at this point is well reminded by Portia and fate that killing Caesar might not end as well as he hopes it is, but still makes the decision to go on with it anyway, because he is blinded by what he thinks is right for Rome. Last, Portia wounds herself “in the thigh” to show Brutus that she truly does have

Fate vs. Free Will in Julius Caesar

926 words - 4 pages In William Shakespeare’s play, Julius Caesar, two interesting forces, fate and free will, are shown competing for prominence over the other. Fate was exemplified in the many prophecies and omens the characters viewed throughout the play. Free will was the characters abilities to overcome and defeat their fate. Many characters have struggles with the power of their free will overcoming their fate, namely Caesar, Cassius, and Brutus

Marquis vs. Warren in the Case Against Abortion

1533 words - 6 pages (Gedge & Waluchow, 2012, p233). The extended right to protection of the fetus can also call for women to undergo cesarean sections against their will in order to protect the child, although this type of forced surgery would never be performed on a woman who is not carrying a child (Gedge & Waluchow, 2012, p233). Warren provides five conditions or criteria in order to determine if a fetus is a person or not. These five conditions include

Similar Essays

Boudicca's Revolt Against Roman Rule In Britain

2194 words - 9 pages , like all humans Boudicca had her flaws, and though rare on occasions she made irrational choices. Boudicca lived and died in the first century, a time when the Roman Empire was continuing to expand. Although the Romans first expedition to Briton (modern day Britain) was carried out by Julius Caesar in 55 BC it was nearly one hundred years later that the Romans under Emperor Claudius in 43 AD that a full scale invasion was launched. When

Julius Caesar And The Late Roman Republic

1069 words - 5 pages Julius Caesar was a general and a politician of the late Roman Republic. He greatly influenced the size of the Roman Empire before seizing power and making himself dictator of Rome, which paved the way for the Imperial system. (Julius Caesar 100BC-44BC, April 29th, 2014) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus was born on July 12th or 13th, 100BC into the prestigious Julius clan. He and his family were closely related to the Marion faction in

Augustus Caesar The First Roman Emperor

779 words - 3 pages . They divided the empire between themselves. Antony remained in the wealthy East, Lepidus got control of Gaul and Spain, and Octavian received Italy. In time, Caesar forced Lepidus into retirement and won control of all western provinces.      By 32 BC, Italy and the western provinces swore an oath of allegiance to Caesar. Octavian could then concentrate his efforts on moving against Marc Antony, for total control of the Roman Empire. The Battle

Marcus Brutus, The Most Noble Roman In Shakespeare's Play Julius Caesar

785 words - 3 pages Being ethical, patriotic, reasonable, and showing selflessness are just a few characteristics of a noble man. After the death of respected Julius Caesar, the speedy fight for power exposed the veracious side of Roman figures. William Shakespeare, in his play Julius Caesar, examines the struggles for the title of the noblest Roman between ethical Marcus Brutus and other power thirsty Romans to reveal the most honorable man. Marcus Brutus shows