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Roman Innovations Essay

1307 words - 6 pages

Thesis: The Ancient Romans stood to be the finest architects and builders.
Points supporting the statement
1. To start with, the Romans were the greatest builders as a result of building roads as a method of transportation. The first thing the Romans did upon entering a new region, after winning the war that gained them their new territory, was construct roads and bridges. This was the best way to “Romanize” the new areas, as it permitted easier communication between the colony and the mother country. The Romans initially built roads in Britain; the roads were over 9,000 kilometres. (“The Great Builders”). The roads were so well built that they can still be seen today, 2000 ...view middle of the document...

Ancient Roman aqueducts were made in all parts of the Roman Empire, from Europe to Africa and particularly in the city of Rome itself, where they summed over 416 km (“The Antiquities of Rome”). The Romans constructed plentiful aqueducts to bring water from distant sources into their cities and towns, providing public baths, latrines, fountains and private households. The reason the aqueducts were built was for supplying water to large cities across the empire and they set a high standard of engineering that was not surpassed for more than a thousand years. This was not only aimed at hygiene but also at refining national finances as presented fines for soiling. Therefore, Aqueducts became an expression of power and wealth of a municipal (“Aqueducts, Social Meaning”). And in the time being, ordinary people benefited: less polluted water not that far away from the living quarters. In short, aqueducts ascertain that the ancient Romans were the finest and the best builders as well as architects.
3. Likewise, the coliseum remains to this day one of the supreme architectural figures of all time, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. It is an elongated amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it was the largest auditorium of the Roman Empire, and is well-thought-out one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. This circle-shaped arena was home to thousands of fights and shows. Gladiators would face each other or even animals and kill to the crowd’s delight. The stadium was built at the beginning of Emperor Vespasian’s reign, in 70 C.E. It holds an amazing capacity of over 50,000 people (“The Colisuem, Wikipedia”). The coliseum was attached to concealed enclosures that would hold animals and individuals right before a fight; they would come out of the ground and face their challenger. The simple design units were multiples of 20 Roman feet (the Roman foot varied, but was around 29.6cm) (“BBC History”). These conventions were adjusted according to the demands of each site, but the basic pattern is repeated, and much of it is not easily visible to the naked eye. The entrances and stairways were organized with the aid of marble and iron dividers, to keep unlike classes of patrons separate. All this shows how smart and advanced the Romans were, that they could give something to the world that we still use today.
Points criticising the statement
1. Even though the Ancient Romans built extraordinary buildings and were thought to be the finest builders, they had a few downfalls with their buildings such as, the wooden amphitheatre, which was cheaply constructed by an entrepreneur named Atilius. In 27AD, the wooden amphitheatre collapsed in Fidenae which was an ancient town of Latium, situated about 8 km north of Rome on the via Salaria(“Livius”), resulted in by far the...

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