Roman Emperor Vespasian built the Colosseum in 80 A.D It is located near the very center of Rome, or modern day Rome, Italy. It is a beautiful aspect of the Roman architecture, with many arches and 160 statues. The Colosseum could also hold up to 55,000 people at a time, where they could watch many famous gladiator battles and games, like the hundred-day games that were performed by Titus. It was four stories high, and 48 meters (159 feet) tall. An awning called the Velarium could shade the audience from the harsh sun. When parts of the Southern wall broke off of the Colosseum in an 847 A.D. earthquake, some of the marble was used to construct other monuments including St. Peter’s Bascilia and Palazzo Farnese. The Colosseum was originally named The Flavian Amphitheater. It is still standing today.
The Arch of Titus
Roman Emperor Domitian built the Arch of Titus in 81 A.D It is located in the center of Rome, near the Colosseum, in modern day Rome, Italy. The Arch of Titus was built as a reminder of Emperor Titus’ successful attempt to stop the Jewish Zealot revolt in 66 A.D. The arch stands 15 meters (about 50 feet) tall, with a great view of the Colosseum. It was built with Pentelic marble, a type of marble found in Greece’s Penteliko Mountains. It is also one of the oldest Roman arches surviving, standing tall for over 1,900 years. “On a tour to Rome, visiting the Arch of Titus is considered as important as touring the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Pyramid of Cestius.” (4) Passing directly underneath it is the highest peak of the Via Sacra road. The Arch of Titus is also a part of the Forum Romanum. Giuseppe Valadier restored the Arch of Titus in 1821, to the beautiful state it is still in today.
The Roman Emperor Hadrian built the Pantheon between 118 and 125 A.D It was originally built in between 27 and 25 B.C. by general Marcus Agrippa, but was burnt down in 80 A.D. It was then reconstructed by Emperor Domitian, and was again destroyed in 110 A.D. by lightning. The new circular design that Emperor Hadrian gave it has left the Pantheon still standing to this day, although a lighter concrete was used on the dome because of its weight. The portico’s columns weighed 60 tons each, all sixteen of them imported from Egypt. The geometric-patterned marble flooring is still intact today. It is also located in the middle of Rome’s historical center, near the famed Piazzo Navona square.
The Theater of Marcellus
The Theater of Marcellus is a symbolic monument that was originally built for Julius Caesar, after he had defeated his former friend Pompey, because Julius had wanted to build a more popular theater than Pompey’s. But when Julius was killed in 44 B.C, Emperor Augustus decided to take over the construction and dedicate the theater to his late nephew, Marcellus. It was built in 13 B.C. and completed in 11 B.C. It was also the largest theater in ancient Rome at the time. The theater had three levels,...