Romanesque And Gothic Architectural Elements Essay

868 words - 4 pages

It was a don of a new age, belief, conviction, and devotion were felt throughout the period, and it was the time of the Romanesque churches. This was the time to view these boundless, monastic complexes, majestic cathedrals, and painted artifacts; the churches were beaming with activity and life. With the assembly of nuns, monks, and local town folks, these structures offered safety, a simpler way of life thru thought, simplicity, and reflection, which than sparked an overall energy and spirit throughout the air, it was the age of faith. In this period of time a massive building project had begun, within a short time span of 150 years, the construction of more than 1000 ...view middle of the document...

In contrast, the Romanesque church seemed to hug the earth. The difference were unique, the Gothic cathedral soared heavenward.
Romanesque monasteries housed the relics of saints, and during this period the cache of relics, became a major cultural factor in influencing their architecture. The monastic churches that housed the holy relics of saints and martyrs attracted thousands of Christian pilgrims. Some traveled to atone for their sins and seek pardon, others traveled with major illnesses in order to seek curative powers, or a miraculous cure. These large numbers of travelers created standard routes from one church to another, over time through trade and commerce; these routes became known as Pilgrims road. Gothic style architecture is magnificent, majestic, and impressive, the churches were called cathedrals. The Gothic cathedral housed one or more saints, always and especially including the Virgin Mary. In the cathedrals the medieval synthesis was realized sculptures appeared in the churches portals, capitals, and choir screens, stained glass diffused divine light through its windows. Gothic design was more dynamic, and they introduced Suger’s designs, which called for a combination of three architectural innovations, the pointed arch, the rib vault, and the stained glass windows. The result was a dramatic more spacious choir and ambulatory, free of heavy stone supports and flooded with the light. The Gothic designs of the towers were to bring the attention of the people to look up to the sky, and think of God.
Romanesque churches were solid with thick walls and built low to the ground. Built on the Latin Cross Plan the Romanesque church featured round arches, thick barrel and groin...

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