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Romantic Poets And Their Response To Nature

1624 words - 6 pages

Romantic Poets and Their Response to Nature

Consider how the romantic poets have responded to the subject of nature
with close references to at least three poems studied.

Consider how the romantic poets have responded to the subject of
nature with close references to at least three poems studied, comment
in detail on:

1. Imagery (e.g. simile, metaphor, personification.)

2. Subject matter/theme

3. Characteristics of the romantic movement

Romanticism was a poetic movement of the 19th century, during The
French Revolution. The poetry reflected on feelings of everyday
events. It was written in a simplistic language so that everyone could
understand and appreciate poetry because earlier poetry was written
formally with a complex language, which only the well educated could
understand fully. Romantic poems had strong characteristics, which
stand out, these are: pantheism, the importance of childhood and
memories, a simplistic style, an informal and everyday language,
emotional and political. From studying Keats, Coleridge and Wordsworth
Nature has been the most influential characteristic, and has inspired
them to write personal poems reflecting on God, permanence, education,
childhood and memory.

The poem 'To Autumn' written by Keats (1795-1821) is a typical
romantic poem and in the first sentence

'Season of mist and mellow fruitfulness,' we already have a sense of
calmness because the words 'mist' and 'mellow' are very soft and
gentle sounding words. Keats has used 'm' and 's' words like these
because he wants to get across the calmness of autumn and how relaxed
it is, he does this by using words which are almost impossible to be
said in a harsh and vicious way.

Keats strongly worships nature and has referred to nature as a God. He
has personified autumn by calling it a 'close bosom-friend', which has
given autumn a character. Keats is relying on Nature in the poem to
nurture the fruits and plants. He 'loads' the fruits with goodness
allowing them to ripen and 'blesses' the hazel shells allowing them to
plump. Keats also describes early autumn as producing later flowers
for the bees until the bees think 'warm days will never cease.' Autumn
is believed to control nature and these are qualities which only a god
would have.

Autumn has also been indicated to 'conspire' with the sun, whom has
been describes as a God many times before. This has also added imagery
to the poem and makes it simpler for the reader because it gives you a
mental image of Nature working in a God's style. The poem also comes
across as simpler to understand than former poems because nature is so
accessible and to understand the poet's love of nature you only need
to look at any living plant.

Keats has personified autumn as a human in the second stanza and has
given autumn human characteristics. The human has been described as a
female because she is 'Drows'd with the fume of poppies,' this smell
adds calmness...

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