Attachment style could serve as an indicator of other aspects of romantic relationships including intimacy, dating goals, and well-being. It was hypothesized that individuals who associated with having either a secure or dismissive attachment style would also elicit high levels of dating goals as well as intimacy levels and would have higher levels of self-esteem. It was found that attachment style had an effect on self-esteem as well as intimacy levels of individuals. However, interestingly enough, attachment style did not appear to have an effect on dating goals. Individuals who identified as being dismissing-avoidant elicited higher levels of self-esteem than those who identified as ...view middle of the document...
The results of the present study suggest that individuals who are comfortable without close emotion relationships in turn seeking independence (dismissive) demonstrate higher levels of self-esteem than individuals who are uncomfortable getting close to others because they find it difficult to trust others, but want emotionally close relationships (avoidant). It makes sense for individuals who identify as being dismissing-avoidant to have higher self-esteem because they seek an independent and self-sufficient lifestyle rather than being afraid to commit to a relationship such as those who identified as being avoidant. Results also suggest that individuals who find it easy to become emotionally close to others, and do not worry about being alone or depending on other (secure) elicit higher levels of intimacy. This could be due to those who identify as having a secure attachment style practicing relationship maintenance behaviors.
There were a few limitations with the current study. One such limitation could be the small sample size. Results may have varied if there had not been such a low number of participants yielding insufficient numbers in some categories that could have potentially held importance to the study. Another possible limitation to the study is that of lack of report of relationship length for those who identified their status as dating exclusively. Due to the inadequate report of relationship length, it was not incorporated into the study. However, overall, the present study coincided with the previous literature stating that attachment style is a predictive indicator of self-esteem and intimacy as aspects of romantic relationships.
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