Romanticism Essay

3671 words - 15 pages

Romanticism

"In spite of its representation of potentially diabolical and satanic
powers, its historical and geographic location and its satire on
extreme Calvinism, James Hogg's Private Memoirs and Confessions of a
Justified Sinner proves to be a novel that a dramatises a crisis of
identity, a theme which is very much a Romantic concern." Discuss.

Examination of Romantic texts provides us with only a limited and much
debated degree of commonality. However despite the disparity of
Romanticism (or Romanticisms) as a movement it would be true to say
that a prevalent aspect of Romantic literature that unites many
different forms of the movement, is a concern with the divided self.

As the empirical Rationalism of the eighteenth century was partially
subverted by the subjective metaphysical reflection in the nineteenth
artists tended to examine wider issues from an introspective starting
point. The idea of the divided self became a motif from Blake's
"Albion" to Byron's Manfred to Keat's musings on the disassociated
nature of the Poetic Self. Some writers personified this division in
distinct physical manifestations, usually a hero and his inverse
doppelganger. Most famously in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, the
various "selves" in De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium Eater
and in the complex mirroring of major characters in James Hogg's
ambiguous masterpiece Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified
Sinner.

Although critics (as Andrea Henderson in Romantic Identities) have
debated the extent that Romanticism dramatises divisive crises with
the psychological self , the vast majority of writing on the subject
agrees that "crisis of identity" is certainly a "Romantic concern".
Hugo Donelley draws attention to the "Modernist stance" that the
"central flow of Romanticism" is the "disabling division of
the [intellectual and emotional] personality." (Donelley, 484).
Griffiths agrees that the "central distinctive feature of Romanticism
is the search for a reconciliation between the inner vision and the
outer experience." Duncan Wu asserts that Romantic texts are often
concerned with "division..and reunion between the body and the
spirit." (Wu, xvii). David Oakleaf specifically applies this theme to
Confessions identifying it as Robert Wringhim's "refusal to accept
himself as both a spiritual and corporeal creature." (Oakleaf, 27).

It is worth noting that Hogg himself felt somewhat torn between his
traditional "spiritual" side and his intellectual "corporeal" side. We
shall see that this is a biographical detail of Hogg's life that
spills over considerably in his depiction of a crisis of identity in
Confessions.

It is also worth remembering that what is conveniently termed the
"Romantic period" was one of great social and political division.
Britain itself was undergoing a societal "crisis of identity"
catalysed by the industrial revolution, increased literacy and the
noble beginnings of the French Revolution. As a result the literature
of...

Find Another Essay On Romanticism

romanticism Essay

1325 words - 5 pages Romanticism and Rationalism Romanticism began in the mid-18th century and reached its height in the 19th century. The Romantic literature of the nineteenth century holds in its topics the ideals of the time period, concentrating on emotion, nature, and the expression of "nothing." The Romantic era was one that focused on the commonality of humankind and, while using emotion and nature; the poets and their works shed light on people's

Romanticism Essay

1120 words - 4 pages Romanticism, for English poetry, roughly began in the year 1798 and to 1837. It was a rejection to the previous movement of Enlightenment. Enlightenment emphasized on rationalized reasoning, while Romantic poets were interested in personal experiences and emotions; they emphasized everyday things; they showed an interest in sensitive, distorted, or melancholic states; it was a reach back to the medieval times. Most of the times, romantic poets

romanticism

2428 words - 10 pages The period called Romanticism appeared as a reaction against the fixed standards of neoclassicism which emphasized reason and logic, and in this way, Wordsworth, in the preface of his Lyrical Balads claimed for a imaginative approach to nature and the overflow of feelings. Thus, English writers of the Romantic period believed individualism as being the most important feature; they valued subjectivity, imagination, and the expression of

frankenstein - romanticism

1523 words - 6 pages Frankenstein: A Model of English Romanticism The literary world embraced English romanticism when it began to emerge and was so taken by its elements that it is still a beloved experience for the reader of today. Romanticism “has crossed all social boundaries,” and it was during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it found its way into almost every niche in the literary world (Lowy 76). From the beginning of its actuality, “romanticism has

European Romanticism

836 words - 3 pages Romanticism was a movement in art and literature that started in the late 18th century and continued throughout the 19th century in Europe and America. The movement rebelled against classicism. The basic idea in Romanticism is that reason cannot explain everything. This in contrast to the Age of Enlightenment, which focused more on scientific and rational thinking, Romantics searched for deeper appeals, emotional directness of personal

Literary Romanticism

774 words - 3 pages Literary Romanticism Literary Romanticism is a movement in literature present in the history of virtually every European country, the USA, and Latin America. It lasted from approximately 1750 to about 1870 and was characterized by reliance on the imagination and emotional subjectivity of approach, freedom of thought and expression, and an idealization of nature. The term 'romantic' first appeared in 18th-century English and originally meant

Romanticism Composition

779 words - 3 pages thereflaws, however, finally Parliament passed the first law governing factory safety which madthe people happy after the government pushed them down and ignored them.d. 'The Beginnings of Romanticism'- Writers of the Romantic Age reacted strongly tothe events of their time. They all felt the stirrings of excitement or repulsion as theycontemplated the French Revolution. Those who had applauded the French Revolution,envisioning a new age of

American Romanticism

929 words - 4 pages their own explanations to its processes . With such attitudes, these writers made their way into literature as romantics . " The Devil And Tom Walker","Hop Frog", " To a Waterfowl" and "Thanatopsis" serve as good examples for American Romanticism . In "The Devil and Tom Walker" Irving plots the setting in a way that makes it so frightening and telling . From the beginning of the story the

Romanticism Essay

1008 words - 5 pages Romanticism Essay Explain how different version of the sublime can be found in various Romantic paintings and literature. During the 19th century Romantic Movement, authors and artists began to include the philosophical concept that combined beauty with terror. This philosophy, known as the sublime, used scenes of beauty with subtle addition of shocking terror to make the viewers scared but also feel safe knowing that they could not be harmed

Romanticism

663 words - 3 pages 'Artists react to the world around them' Interpret the work of a group of artists who have explored humanity.below is all correct but daoesnt start answering the questioon. you need to adapt this info and use language/twist the info to answer the questionRomanticism is an artistic movement in which thrived in Europe from the late 18th to the 19th century. This movement was the consequence of the reaction against the formal logic of Neoclassicism

Frankenstein: Development through Romanticism

1652 words - 7 pages raise or take care of him, and he is forced to retreat and hide from civilization and the humans who fear him. As it can be seen, Victor and the Creature share miserable lives. In Shelley’s Frankenstein, the characters of Victor and the Creature are developed through the use of Romantic elements, which greatly influenced Shelly in creating her novel. Romanticism is basically an ideal world of freedom and a revolt against the reason, judgment

Similar Essays

Romanticism Essay

613 words - 2 pages Romanticism Romanticism began in the mid-18th century and reached its height in the 19th century. It was limited to Europe and America although different compatriots donated to its birth and popularity. Romanticism as a movement declined in the late 19th century and early 20th century with the growing dominance of Realism in the arts and the rapid advancement of science and technology. However, Romanticism was very impressionative on most

Romanticism Essay

1686 words - 7 pages Romanticism, Romanticism, in a way, was a reaction against rigid Classicism, Rationalism, and Deism of the eighteenth century. Strongest in application between 1800 and 1850, the Romantic Movement differed from country to country and from romanticist to romanticist. Because it emphasized change it was an atmosphere in which events occurred and came to affect not only the way humans thought and expressed them, but also the way they lived

Romanticism Essay

937 words - 4 pages ROMANTICISM      In the nineteenth century, the foundation of American literature had a profound change. This was called from Reason to Romance or Romanticism. With many contributions of famous writers such as Irving, Cooper, Bryant, and Poe composed the stories and poems which all of them had a great value in the American literature. What is the Romanticism and how dies it effect to the American literature? By taking

Romanticism Essay 1505 Words

1505 words - 6 pages Romanticism Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in 1789. Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on freedom of self expression, sincerity, spontaneity and originality. The movement rebelled against classicism, and artists turned to