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Romanticism And Nature In Frankenstein By Mary Shelley

910 words - 4 pages

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is a gothic science fiction novel written in the romantic era that focuses on the elements of life. The romantic era was sparked by the changing social environment, including the industrial revolution. It was a form of revolt against the scientific revolutions of the era by developing a form of literature that romanticize nature and giving nature godliness. This element of romanticized nature is a recurrent element in Frankenstein and is used to reflect emotions, as a place for relaxation and as foreshadowing. Frankenstein also includes various other elements of romanticism including strong emotions and interest in the common people.
Nature is a key ...view middle of the document...

By using the natural element Shelley intensifies Victor’s emotions.
Nature is used differently when the novel turns to the creature’s perspective. The creature makes its home in the woods and lives off of nature. During the creatures first spring he describes “thousands of scents of delight and thousands of sights of beauty” (Shelley 104). Indeed the beauty the creature sees in his surroundings make an overpowering image of nature. Soon after the creature describes a spring visitor arriving in search of Felix and there is an overwhelming moment of bliss, that is aligned with the beauty of nature; creating visual and olfactory imagery as well as evoking strong emotions of euphoria in the reader. Considering the nature imagery, there is a contrast drawn between the hideousness of the creature and the lush beauty of nature. The creature, as described by Victor, is “more hideous than belongs to humanity” (Shelley 62). Continuing with that theme, the contrast allows for the reader to subconsciously continue realizing how out of place the creature is. The creature is comforted by nature, “the pleasant sunshine, and the pure air of day, restored… some degree of tranquility” (Shelley 124). Consequently, this peace is soon destroyed and the creature begins to view the world as corrupted by human presence. Latter to saving a girl from drowning, the creature is shot by a man for his efforts. Thus begins a transformation within the monster; “for some weeks [he] led a miserable life in the woods” (Shelley 129). These are the same woods once regarded with superficial beauty. Specifically the change of the imagery of nature supplements the internal emotional changes of the creature.
Frankenstein was written in the romantic era and portrays many of the...

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