Romanticism And Realism: Examples Of Mark Twain And Herman Melville Novels

1796 words - 7 pages

English Essay Rough Draft
Romanticism and realism are two very different styles of writings. They both came about in the 19th century. Writing through romanticism is a way to express your emotions in a deeper way, but writing through realism is a way to express your true feelings about how the world is. In Herman Melville’s Moby Dick he uses romanticism to express his point. In The War Prayer by Mark Twain, the speaker talks about the real aspects of war.
Romanticism first came about in the 18th century and it was mostly used for art and literature. The actual word “romanticism” was created in Britain in the 1840s. People like Victor Hugo, William Wordsworth, and Percy Bysshe Shelley had big impacts on this style of art. Romanticism is an art in which people express their emotion. Whatever they believed is put into a picture, painting, poem, or book. Romanticism goes deep into a mind. It is very deep thinking and it’s expressing yourself through that deep thinking. Romanticism is the reaction to the Enlightenment and the enlightenment aka the “Age of Reason” took place during the 1700s to 1800s. The enlightenment emphasized being rational and using your mind; on the other hand, romanticism focuses on emotion and imagination. It says don’t just focus on rationality and reason.
Realism started in France in the 1830s. It was very popular there for a long time. A man named Friedrich Schiller came up with the word “realism.” Realism is based on contemporary life. There is a very accurate and honest representation of characters in this style of art. Realism tries to combine romanticism and the enlightenment. Life isn’t just about mind and not just about feelings either, it’s about both feelings and reason together. As said in the name, realism is all about reality; there is not much imagination. Gustave Flaubert wrote one of the first realistic works in France. Other big realism authors are Mark Twain, Stephan Crane, and Charles Dickens.
Herman Melville was a romantic styled writer. He was born on August 1, 1819 in New York. Melville had a hard childhood. At a very young age Melville came down with the scarlet fever. Later in his life his father had died and because of this he and his brother had to take over his business of fur and caps. Melville always loved to write and study literature. He was already writing poems, essays, and short stories at this young age. When Melville became an adult, he went to Lansingburgh Academy to study surveying in the hopes of getting the chance to work on the Erie Canal project. He never got to work on that project but he did get to work on a ship later in his life. He was always interested in sea voyages and ship life. Melville’s first voyage was on the St. Laurence merchant ship, which his brother had set up for him. His second voyage was in 1841on the Acushnet, which lasted for three years and also inspired his first novel Typee. Many of Melville’s voyages inspired what he would write about. Many of his ideas...

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