Romanticism And Transcendentalism American Literature Study Guide

2257 words - 10 pages

American Romanticism and Transcendentalism
Unit Test Study Guide:
Know the definitions and significance of these people (their works, contributions, and influences), terms, and concepts.
Part I: Multiple Choice (30pts)—one point per question
· Fireside Poets
· Read by fire by families together as entertainment
· Moreso transcendentalist ideas: i.e. view death more positively, still connected with us in spirit, death is not an end. (ex: whittier in snowbound, love wins over death)
· William Cullen Bryant
· Poet/journalist
· First American “literary celebrity” and “the author of America”
· “shaped how we think about nation and ourselves, influential”
· Member of the fireside poets, wrote “Thanatopsis”
· Used caesura (pause in middle of line) and enjambment (continuation from one line of poetry to next
· John Greenleaf Whittier
· QUAKER, abolitionist and early supporter of the republican party (unsuccessfully ran)
· Was once attacked for his political/social views
· Along with others (Longfellow, Emerson, Lowell) he helped found The Atlantic Monthly
· Most works were in abolitionist newspapers for social issues
· More popular after civil war as turned to nature and religion as subject matter
· i.e. snowbound – nature focused
· Idyll
· a simple descriptive work in poetry or prose that deals with rustic life or pastoral scenes or suggests a mood of peace and contentment. b :a narrative poem (such as Tennyson's Idylls of the King) treating an epic, romantic, or tragic theme.
· Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
· America most famous poet ever
· Household poet – positive, comfortable reading
· Little analysis or illumination in his works
· Most famous works: “paul reveres ride, song of, Evangeline, miles Standish, blacksmith.
· His version of rever is poetic license, now popular history
· Basically accurate but revere role is exaggerated (not only ride, no all way to concord,
· First to translate divine comedy and bust in Poets corner of westminister abbey
· Prof. at Bowdoin, classmate of hawthorne, created most of his poems while later teaching at Harvard.
· Second wife died in fire and he was injured as well, 70th bday was national celebration and honored around world
· Washington Irving
· “The Father of American Literature”
· Irving(first American writer to make living primarily through creative writing and first American to be significant for literary work in England
· Folklore tradition as introduced by Sir walter scott
· Often accredited workds Dutch narrator who criticize society in a gentle way
· Most famous works, legend of the sleepy hollow and rip van winkle, the sketch book
· Folklore
· German root that influenced irvings writings – introduced to Washington by Sir Walter Scott
· Dutch folk especially influenced to criticize society in a new gentle way
· F.O. Matthiessen’s American Renaissance
· Explains division of the positive and negative romantics
· Is humanity basically good or basically bad
· Transcendentalism (definition,...

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