Romanticism Vs Neoclassicism Essay

3220 words - 13 pages

Resulting in part from the libertarian and egalitarian ideals of the French Revolution, theromantic movements had in common only a revolt against the prescribed rules of classicism.The basic aims of romanticism were various: a return to nature and to belief in the goodnessof humanity; the rediscovery of the artist as a supremely individual creator; the developmentof nationalistic pride; and the exaltation of the senses and emotions over reason and intellect.In addition, romanticism was a philosophical revolt against rationalism. On the contrary,classicism is a term that, when applied generally, means clearness, elegance, symmetry, andrepose produced by attention to traditional forms. It is sometimes synonymous withexcellence or artistic quality of high distinction. More precisely, the term refers to theadmiration and imitation of Greek and Roman literature, art, and architecture. Because theprinciples of classicism were derived from the rules and practices of the ancients, the termcame to mean the adherence to specific academic canons. The major differences betweenNeo-Classicism and Romanticism: Romanticism pledged to the fulfillment of the heart'sdesire. But classicism put faith in intellect. Romanticism rejected every rule that mightdestroy the full expression of self. Classicism insisted that the creative instinct must besubjected to rule. Romanticism was a way of feeling and it became a way of life. Classicismwas a way of thought. Romanticism embraces the concepts of the unattainable, beyond thelimits of society. Classicism embraced nobility, grandeur and virtue. The Romantic hero pitshimself against a hostile environment and at no time comes to terms with it. A classical herohas no control and triumphs nobly in this acquiescence, otherwise he would not bea hero.Romantics verse Realists and Naturalists have different views of nature It will show how Romantics had a deepened appreciation of the beauties of nature. And how Realists and Naturalists rarely if ever found nature to be appreciative for it beauties.Romantics found nature a perfect and important essence to their beliefs. Romantics seemed to prefer nature to civilization or society. They would suggest that life lived more simply and closer to nature you will have a better understanding of the "essential facts of life". Romantics emphasized the beauty, strangeness, mystery, and awesomeness of nature. They saw the natural world of nature as good spiritual lessons. Romantics never found any faults in nature and saw that nature brought nothing but benefits to them.Realists and Naturalists had an opposite opinion of nature to that of the Romantics. They definitely preferred society to the harshness of nature. Realists and Naturalists felt the further away from nature the better, that nature made their lives harder. They emphasized not the beauty and awesomeness of nature, but the dangers, harshness, cruelties, and deadliness of nature. All Realists and Naturalists ever found in nature were...

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