Rome Essay

1203 words - 5 pages

RomeEnvironmentIn the Italian peninsula it has the same climate as the Mediterranean climate. Mild, rainy, winters and hot, dry summers. The climate in the north is cooler, rain is plentiful. Italian peninsula is an ideal place for farming. Romans grew olives, grapes and wheat. The city of Rome has tremendous environmental advantages, because of that it made it easier for Rome to become an important city. The city of Rome is located the first place people could come when they crossed the Tiger river, so it is the natural location of the main north-south road in Italy. There are important salt flats near the city of Rome, because salt is so important in the ancient world. As Romans expanded their empire they encountered many different environments. The Roman army had to learn different ways of fighting ways of conquering different areas. During the period of the Roman Empire (100 B.C. to 500 A.D.) Romans had environmental advantage of controlling the Mediterranean Sea. Also another advantage is getting foods and materials from lots of different environments. You could get tin from England, wood from Germany, cotton from Egypt, and silver from Spain. Romans have many advantages as I listed above that is why the lived for many years. Occupation Romans started off as farmers and shepherds. They never lost the love of "simple"country life. In the spring farmers prepared field strips using heavy flows pulled by an Oxen. They planted by seeds by hand. They tools farmers used were iron spades, hoes, wooden rakes for cutting grass, they have knifes for cutting wheat called sickles and scythes. Even though they have knifes they invented a wheat cutting machine called Vallus. A vallus is a 2-weeled cart pushed by a horse or mule. Farmers took crops from Asia and the Mediterranean all over Europe. They were also Roman doctors. They relied on a mixture of common sense, superstition and what had worked before. They didn't understand the causes of disease. Doctors were usually men. Some medicines are based on plants. Poppy seed is one of the main seed medicines. Poppy seed juice is given to crying babies because it helped them to sleep. The modern pain-killing drug morphine is made from poppy seed. Clothing Ancient Roman women wore loose tunics. The main garment is an ankle length stola tied at the waist below their breast. A brooch at the shoulder fastened the stola. Over it, a rectangle cloth usually dropped over one shoulder, around back. They usually wore sandals. At home they wore elegant slippers. Women who could not afford shoes went barefoot. The material that roman women used was linen. Wealthy women wore silk imported from India or China. Poor women were fashioned with course brown and grey cloth. In the cold weather women wore crapes, shawls and scarfs. Also they wore woolen socks, stockings, and probably mittens. British women wore a Gallic coat which is a wide loose tunic with...

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