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Rome : End Of Paganism And Dawn Of Christianity

1515 words - 7 pages

The city of Rome was and is one of the most well-known cities of the world. It has always lured in huge visitors for its attraction for the elaborate Pagan temples or for the eloquent Cathedrals of the Rome. Now the city is known for being the center of the catholic faith. The city is interesting in a way that, it has not always been a Catholic hotspot. The city was originally under the control of the Romans who worshiped Pagan Gods. The Romans believed that Rome was a holy city chosen by their Gods (Cowling). The switch from being a Pagan centered place to a Christian centered place was not as easy transition for the city. It took time and perseverance. As the Christian influence started to build up, the face of the Roman city started to change; the structure of the city was changed, the major public places changed, and along with that major monuments in the city changed. The city changed so much that now if you don’t look closely enough, you might think the city was always under the Christian influence.
Even though the current city is under the church its beginnings were not at all related to Christianity. The old legend tells the reader that two brothers, Romulus and Remus, found the city. In reality group of people settled in the seven hills and the population grew and the Roman population came about (Trauman). From there on the city went under various ruling strategies such as being senatorial republic to finally being under the emperor (Cowling). Then onwards it became the capital of the Roman Empire. Even though the Roman outskirts land was very organized like a grid pattern, this was not the case at the capital. The capital never followed a structure (Kostof 1991). Being built near river Tiber is the only strategy it followed. This, in that era made sense because there was no other way to get accesses to the water. The city’s layout is very organic. The city was built around all the mountains and the hills. Later on, the Temple’s and other important place such as Forum, senate houses, emperor’s palace, and the theater were built as per the wishes of the emperor ("Shape of the Rome" August 15, 2013). After each victory they would build a temple in thanksgiving to a God (Cowling). For example Temple of Capitoline Jupiter built by Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus (one started the and other completed) in honor of the victory against Sabines (Platner 1929).. Then each emperor would build a forum to mark his leadership("Shape of the Rome" August 15, 2013).
This is was layout of the city when Christianity started to sprout out of the city. Since Christianity was not so popular at that time and also there was barely any place left in the initially city for a church to be built, the churches were built outside the city itself ("Shape of the Rome" August 15, 2013). The Roman people were aware of this new religion but they did not consider it was problem to their survival. Tides started to change quickly, many pagan followers started...

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