This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Rome: The Catacombs Essay

1503 words - 6 pages

Rome: The Catacombs

The word catacomb comes from the Greek word meaning underground burial (5).? Catacombs are just that, underground cemeteries.? The early Christian church in ancient Rome used these cemeteries from the second century to the fifth century AD (5).? At first, these underground burials were only used as cemeteries.? During the persecutions of the Christian church around 64 AD, these catacombs were used as places of refuge for Christians (5).? Here they could celebrate the Eucharist and other ceremonies that were condemned by the Roman government (5).? After the persecutions ended around 366 AD, the catacombs became a shrine for the martyrs and a place of pilgrimage and devotion for Christians throughout the entire Roman Empire (5).? The Catacombs were uncovered again in the late 16th century (3).? A total of about 60 Catacombs have been discovered in and around the city of Rome (3).

?The burial places were located underground, instead of above ground like today?s cemeteries, for numerous reasons.? The main reason tombs were built underground was because of the lack of space above ground (5).? Rome was a growing city that left little room for above ground cemeteries (5).? It was also against Roman law to bury within the city walls of Rome (4).? Early Christians believed in burials, instead of cremations, because Christ had been buried.? Paul explains this in 1 Corinthians 15: 3 and 4, "For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures" (1).? Later, in verse 20 Paul says, "But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep" (1).? This shows that all will rise from the dead one day.? The early Christians thought a burial showed respect to these bodies that would rise from the dead (5).? Because of this belief, more space was needed in order to bury people, but because of the limited space, land was very expensive (5).? The catacombs were started as a solution to this problem.?

Men called fossores, or gravediggers, created the underground wonders in a period of three centuries (5).? These men would dig underground by lamplight and would carry the dirt away by baskets or bags (5).? Underground Rome was made up of a volcanic rock called Tuff (3).? It was a very strong and stable rock, which created the support and strength for the tunnels that the fossores would dig (3).? The fossores started the building process by digging an eight-foot high, four-foot wide tunnel into the hillside (4).? Passages were then built at right angles from this first tunnel.? After that point, construction continued downward.? The baskets and bags of dirt and rock would be removed from the ground through light wells that were created throughout the building process (4).?

?The labyrinth-like tunnels that created the Catacombs were...

Find Another Essay On Rome: The Catacombs

Apostolic Ministry in Rome Essay

1974 words - 8 pages Apostolic Ministry in Rome According to tradition, there are two apostles who ministered in Rome. While some modern scholars question whether the Apostle Peter was ever in Rome, he is certainly the most celebrated Apostle of the city. A simple example of this is that the largest basilica in Rome (and one of the largest in the world) is named in honor of Saint Peter. The Apostle Paul's existence in Rome is less disputed and even though

Trip of a Lifetime Essay

937 words - 4 pages , determination, and good old American persuasion, this led us to obtaining tickets to the “Scavi” and an experience of our lifetime. I was especially looking forward to visiting Rome, since I had been raised a Catholic. My life has been filled with the importance of Rome, and all of the history surrounding the city. I was pleasantly surprised while researching online about Rome that in addition to the catacombs that run below St

Adam - Research Paper

1073 words - 5 pages . Napoleon commissioned the Arc de Triomphe in 1806, as a monument to the success of his imperial armies, and it wasn't finished until 1836. The design for the arch was based on the Arch of Titus in Rome, which is 50 feet tall, but the architect scaled the Arc de Triomphe to three times that size at 156 feet tall. Tourists can climb stairs to the roof, or ride in an elevator. The Notre Dame is a popular place to visit as well. It is the finest

Jesus depicted throughout time

782 words - 4 pages things were. The Roman Christian Art also known as byzantine Art marks the beginning of religious art and the image of Jesus. Which emerged after Christianity become the dominate religion in Rome around the 2nd century. One the oldest images of Christ comes from the mid-3rd century, it is young Jesus as the Good Shepherd from the Catacombs of San Callisto. In this fresco Jesus is portrayed as a young shepherd holding a sheep on his shoulders. A

The Lost but Found Sheep

1771 words - 7 pages Christianity. This word brings a lot of mixed thoughts in one’s head especially for those people who do not understand the concept of this religion, such as the people of Rome in early times. “ … And by a distinction between the seasons which is due to God’s arrangement, set aside some for festivals, others for times of sorrow- merely to suit their own inclinations! Who can consider this a proof of religion, and not, rather, of lack of

St. Philomena Essay

829 words - 4 pages Today her tomb lies in the catacombs of St. Priscilla in Rome. St. Philomena follows the commandments of our Lord Jesus. She loved God with all her heart because she devoted her life and virginity to God. She loved Him so much that she was willing to sacrifice herself for Him. She put God above everyone, including her father and mother. Even though she rejected the emperor, she still treated and loved her neighbors as herself. In spite the fact

The Role of Religion in Roman Society

3506 words - 14 pages The Role of Religion in Roman Society Throughout the history of Rome, from the monarchy to the late empire, religion had played a great role in it's society and was involved in almost every aspect of the life of the Roman citizen. It was common for each house to have it's own patron god/gods and ,on special occasions, the head of the house would make a sacrifice to the personal gods of the family. Also, great festivals were usually held in

Swastika: Misunderstood Beauty

1032 words - 5 pages civilizations of China and Egypt as well as India. The common swastika originates from India. Artifacts outside of the region have also used this symbol with their own slight variations. Greek coins, Scandinavian artifacts, pre-Christian Celtic artifacts, the catacombs of the early Christians in Rome, and several buildings during the Byzantine period used the swastika as decorative images. Native Americans have also used the swastika to represent good luck

The History and Source of Christianity

1415 words - 6 pages , 2007) It started in Judea, which is Israel now, with Jesus Christ and His faithful group of disciples. At this time the Jews were under the Roman power, which they disliked greatly. They were tired of being pushed around, resulting in many of them having to study cultural beliefs of Rome and others just isolated themselves into the wilderness to study Jewish Law and wait for the Messiah (Savior.) There are over 300 prophecies (predictions) that

Biography: Saint Philomena

1327 words - 5 pages not included in the liturgical calendar. St. Philomena shares the same feast day as St. Clare. She was canonized by Pope Gregory XVI in 1837. Pope Gregory XVI named her Patroness of the Living Rosary and Patroness of the Child of Mary. St. Philomena is also known as The Anchor of Hope and remembered as a very holy person. Her tomb was discovered in the catacombs of St. Priscilla in Rome on May 25, 1802. Beside her tomb were three tiles written with

The Functions of Funerary Art & Sculptural Influences

3414 words - 14 pages . Further south, the Romans had a variety of options for burial sites, including cemeteries outside of city limits. In most cases the body was directly placed in the earth, while sculptures of the deceased or ash urns were stored in columbiums (CN). Since the fading popularity of cremation in 2nd century CE, 6.5 million burials in Rome are contained in 600 miles of catacombs. Catacombs hosted burials for Jewish, Christian, and Pagan religions but use

Similar Essays

Ancient Roman Catacombs Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Ancient Romans used multifarious methods of consecrating the dead; however, the most common method was burial in catacombs. In ancient Rome, a majority of the dead were buried in catacombs, which is a compilation of burial sites with several underground passageways and side recesses for tombs (Safra and Aguilor-Cauz, 943). The catacomb in which one was buried was determined by if the deceased was of Christian, Jewish, or Pagan culture. Initially

The True Users Of The Roman Catacombs

1979 words - 8 pages When one usually thinks of the catacombs of ancient Rome, images of the dead lying on shelves and persecuted Christians often come to mind. Not to be confused with the Parisian catacombs that were created much later, Rome’s underground complex first appeared at the end of the second century, providing a place for the dead to be buried that was close to the borders of Rome. These burial chambers are often thought of as the final resting place

Julius Caesar Essay

1075 words - 4 pages still being used today. Many aspects of Roman culture help make Rome unique, even today, but most people recognize Rome because of the buildings and landmarks that litter Rome. Some of the landmarks that people know as Roman are, but not limited to, the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, St. Peter’s Basilica, the Catacombs, Pantheon, the Vatican, the Sistine Chapel, the Castel Sant’ Angelo, the Old Appian Way, and the Spanish Steps (Rome’s Unique

Rome : End Of Paganism And Dawn Of Christianity

1515 words - 7 pages the martyrdom of St. Peter followed by St. Paul ("Christianity in ancient rome" ) . Things were not looking great for the church at that time. People gathered in homes to share the meal (communion), pray together, and also built catacombs outside the city walls. Building the catacombs outside the city wall also had Roman significance. The Romans believed that the inside the city is holy and people should maintain its sanctity at any cause. So not