This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Roots Of The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1945 words - 8 pages

On April 6, 1994, Rwanda experienced a period of great turmoil as thousands of people fell victim to the horrors of the Rwandan genocide. The main targets of the genocide were Tutsis and Hutu moderates. Though the main cause of the genocide was a conflict between two ethnicities, the genocide was also fueled by political factors and social conditions. Rwanda is the smallest sub-Saharan country with a population of about 7 million inhabitants. Although the indigenous peoples of Rwanda are the Twa, they are now the minority. 90% of Rwanda's population is comprised of Hutus, and the rest of the population's majority consists of Tutsi people. Hatred between the two ethnic groups had begun in the ...view middle of the document...

Although the Hutus were the most common ethnic group in Rwanda, they were considered peasants of the lowest class. After the Germans lost World War I in 1919, Belgium was put in control of Rwanda by a League of Nations mandate. The feudal system that the Belgians put in place favored the Tutsis; however, growing tired of social neglect, thousands of Hutu peasants formed the Hutu Peasant Revolution in 1959 that opposed the biased feudal system. This revolution “launched a campaign of anti-Tutsi violence [and] led to the death of many thousands” . The peasant revolution forced roughly 300,000 Tutsis out of Rwanda forcing them to seek refuge in surrounding countries such as Burundi and Uganda. Soon after the Hutus forced the Tutsis out of Rwanda, they declared Rwanda as a republic. The newly formed republic elected President Kayibanda, an anti-Tutsi president, and the obvious power struggle between the two ethnic groups continued.

Rwandan Civil War
The return of the Rwandan Patriotic Front in 1990 was an effort to reclaim Tutsi land and eventually overthrow the Hutu president, Habyarimana. The Tutsi leader of the Rwandan Patriotic Front was Paul Kagame. Although violence had been present in Rwanda since the Hutu revolution in 1959, the RPF's return sparked the beginning of a civil war. During the Rwandan civil war, the participants used guerilla warfare tactics to battle the opposing groups. The guerilla warfare tactic enabled fighters to surprise the enemy at all times. Conflicts between the RPF and the Hutu government continued even after signing the Arusha Peace Agreement in 1993 . The agreement promoted a fair democracy, along with the exile of refugees, and a partnership between Hutu and Tutsi armed forces. Moreover, it called for an end to the political monopoly of Habyarimana's ruling party. Because of the state of the Rwandan economy, Habyarimana was advised by his international supporters to create multiple parties. Unfortunately, however, Hutu political parties such as the Coalition for the Defense of the Republic (CDR) and the National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (MNRD) repudiated sharing power. As a result, peace and unity between the Hutu and Tutsi military and political groups was never achieved, thus leading to the assassination of the president.

The Genocide
Roughly 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers were killed during the events of the Rwandan genocide. Although tensions were high between the Hutus and the Tutsis long before the genocide began, the assassination of Rwanda's second president, President Habyariama, created even more hostility between the two ethnic groups. Extreme Hutu nationalists accused a Tutsi organization called the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), and many Tutsis blamed Hutus. Because of this disagreement, extremist Hutu groups such as the Hutu militia and the Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR) were encouraged by radical radio stations to use brutality and force to seek revenge for the...

Find Another Essay On Roots of the Rwandan Genocide

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1315 words - 5 pages Rwandan Genocide The Rwandan Genocide began on April 6, 1994 and lasted for about 100 days (History). The two groups involved, the Hutus and Tutsis, were in a massive conflict after their president was killed. The Hutus brutally killed about 800,000 Tutsis and supporters. This tragic genocide was not stopped by other countries during its peak, leaving the world wondering why. As we commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, it

Regarding the Rwandan Genocide Essay

937 words - 4 pages end on April 6th, 1994 when Habyarimana was killed in a plane crash; purposely shot-down by an anonymous. It served as the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide, allowing each side to claim its innocence of the murder. The United States must intervene to ensure world peace and human rights of the Tutsis by using political instruments such as sending in relief works, and doctors, and issuing threats. Relief workers should be sent in to first, see how

The Rwandan Genocide

956 words - 4 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a terrible event in Africa's history that decimated many minorities in Rwanda. The Hutu killed 800,000 people of minority in Rwanda, including Tutsi and Pygmy people in 100 days, and if it was scaled to the length of time the Holocaust took place, the casualties would be more than 34 million people killed. Citizens were told to gather arms and fight against their neighbor, and many obeyed. Before the war By the 1990’s

A Comprehensive Analysis of the Rwandan Genocide to the Holocaust

1432 words - 6 pages Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began a mass slaughtering of the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. This mass slaughtering is labeled as genocide, the deliberate obliteration of an ethnic, racial, religious, or political group. The Rwandan genocide lasted 100 days while other countries stood idly by and watched the brutal killings continue. The hatred against the Tutsis began after the RPF invasion in October of 1990. Accusations

The Rwandan Genocide, a time of darkness and death

1108 words - 5 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a time of ruthless slaughter in the African state of Rwanda. This time of murder would drastically symbolize the long standing racial discrimination against the Hutu. The years of segregation of the Hutu would lead to a dramatic, devastating, and deadly revolt carried out by the Hutu. The Rwandan Genocide occurred during the year of 1994 caused by years of inequality against the Hutu from the Tutsi. At first, Rwanda was

Comparison of Rwandan Genocide and Holocaust

1222 words - 5 pages led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party during World War II, lasting from January 30, 1933 to May 8, 1945 (“Introduction”). The Rwandan genocide and the Holocaust are parallel in its roots of religious affiliations as well as the insignificant international assistance offered during the times of the massacres. However, imprisonment prior to killing and the actual method of killing considerably separate the two. Similitude of these genocides can

A Look at the Rwandan Genocide

1442 words - 6 pages up at helped the victims of this horrible crime. Rwanda used to be a peaceful country until the Civil war started. Belgium then took over Rwanda and put the Tutsis in charge of the government because they had more European characteristics like the Belgium population (Anderson 1). This upset the Hutus, so the Hutus then blamed the Tutsis for the president’s assassination. The Rwandan genocide then started on April 6, 1994. It lasted for 100

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

920 words - 4 pages . Longman, Timothy. “Church Politics and the Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol 31 (May, 2001): pg. 163-186. Melvern, Linda. Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide. Verso, 2006. Staub, Ervin. “Reconciliation after Genocide, Mass Killing, or Intractable Conflict: Understanding the Roots of Violence, Psychological Recovery, and Steps toward a General Theory.” Political Psychology, Vol 27 No. 6 (Dec, 2006): pg. 867-894. White, Kenneth R. “Scourge of Racism: Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Black Studies, Vol 39 No. 3 (Jan, 2009): pg. 471-481.

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

1476 words - 6 pages genocide in Rwanda.” The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol 37 No. 2 (June, 1999): pg. 241-286. Longman, Timothy. “Church Politics and the Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol 31 (May, 2001): pg. 163-186. Melvern, Linda. Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide. Verso, 2006. Staub, Ervin. “Reconciliation after Genocide, Mass Killing, or Intractable Conflict: Understanding the Roots of Violence, Psychological Recovery, and Steps toward a General Theory.” Political Psychology, Vol 27 No. 6 (Dec, 2006): pg. 867-894. White, Kenneth R. “Scourge of Racism: Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Black Studies, Vol 39 No. 3 (Jan, 2009): pg. 471-481.

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

1144 words - 5 pages Rwanda.” The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol 37 No. 2 (June, 1999): pg. 241-286. Longman, Timothy. “Church Politics and the Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol 31 (May, 2001): pg. 163-186. Melvern, Linda. Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide. Verso, 2006. Staub, Ervin. “Reconciliation after Genocide, Mass Killing, or Intractable Conflict: Understanding the Roots of Violence, Psychological Recovery, and Steps toward a General Theory.” Political Psychology, Vol 27 No. 6 (Dec, 2006): pg. 867-894. White, Kenneth R. “Scourge of Racism: Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Black Studies, Vol 39 No. 3 (Jan, 2009): pg. 471-481.

Lessons Learnt From the Rwandan Genocide

2549 words - 10 pages became common and elevated the further spreading of AIDS (Our Grations, 2006). Families in Rwanda were crippled by; death, disease, disability, poverty, loss of dignity and incarceration (Moodley, et al., 2010). There were also a lot of material, psychological and social trauma that followed the genocide (Hagengimana, 2001). Ihahamuka was introduced into the Rwandan vocabulary after the genocide, describing a form of post traumatic stress disorder

Similar Essays

The Rwandan Genocide Of 1994 Essay

1381 words - 6 pages In April of 1994 a terrible event took place, one where approximately one-million people were brutally murdered on the basis of their ethnicity or if they opposed the regime. (Uvin, 2003). This terrible event occurred in Rwanda, and it is known as the Rwandan Genocide. Genocide can be described as a one sided mass killing in which the state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are identified by the

The Terrible Acts Of Rwandan Genocide

1668 words - 7 pages imposing measures to prevent birth is done to a specific nation, race ethnic group, or religious group. This definition was created a while before the Rwandan genocide was even thought of, but this definition is what could have caused further involvement in Rwanda. People found that if they simply did not call it a genocide, then they didn’t need to help. The government would use phrases such as “possible genocide” or “acts of genocide may have

Effect Of Imperialism On The Rwandan Genocide

1064 words - 4 pages , Rwanda and Burundi. (5)Tutsi exiles continued attacks on Hutu throughout the 60s. The First Republic, led by Hutu, ended with a 1973 rebellion coordinated by the Hutu Minister of Defense, Juvenal Habyarimana. Tutsi revels in Uganda formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front, or the RPF, and invaded Rwanda in 1990. The conflict ended in 1993 with a power-sharing agreement treaty. But the peace was broken again when Habyarimana's plane was shot down in

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1152 words - 5 pages In today’s world, it is of the utmost importance to learn from mistakes of the past. Certain events, especially tragedies that could have been avoided, hold within them the lessons and wisdom that should be used to prevent similar disasters. The 1994 Rwandan genocide resulted in over 800, 000 deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian