Scoring and Interpretation
The scoring and interpretation of the Rorschach inkblot test is complex and requires extensive training and experience (Framingham 2014). Hence any online inkblot test may be of little use or validity. The Rorschach test is a simple package with 10 cards and unlike most psychological test kits; it does not contain a test manual with any instruction for scoring and interpreting. As a result a number of manuals and handbooks were put forward by persons such as Aronow and Rezniknoff; Beck, Exner and Weiner, Klopfer and Davidson; Lerner and Piotowski. However the most extensively used scoring system is Exner’s Comprehensive System which takes into account the best ...view middle of the document...
However interpretation of the responses by a properly trained person is critical. Therefore, responses are coded and a report is formulated based upon the responses’ scoring. Subsequently, the psychologist will examine the validity of the test, stress tolerance and the amount of resources that was accessible to the test taker as opposed to the demands being made upon the individual at the time. Next, the psychologist will look at the cognitive operations of the individual, their perceptual accuracy, flexibility of ideas and attitudes, their ability to temper and control their emotions, goal orientation, self-concept and interest and relationships with others. There are also a number of special indices that are used less often to determine suicidal ideation, depression, schizophrenia and other concerns.
Reliability and Validity
Personality tests aids in self- understanding and are often used to make critical decisions about people. It is therefore important that these tests have psychometric soundness which typically speaks of reliability and validity. Cohen and Swerdlik (2010) define reliability as the extent to which measurements are consistent or repeatable; and the extent to which measurements differ from occasion to occasion as a function of measurement error. On the other hand a test is deemed valid when it measures what it purports to measure.
Consequently, there are many conflicting information regarding the reliability and validity of the Rorschach test. While some professionals are saying it is reliable and valid, some critics are saying that it is not. According to Plotnik and Kouyoumdjian (2013), the Rorschach test is one of the more popular personality assessment test and studies have shown that it has high reliability and validity
On the other hand critics are saying that it is worthless at assessing personality disorders, predicting behavior and diagnosing mental illness. According to Plotnik and Kouyoumdjian (2013), a personality test is only valid if it measures personality traits that are specific to the test taker rather than general traits that apply to almost everyone. As a result, the validity of the Rorschach test is challenged on the grounds of interpretation of results. Typically, the clinician assume that the test taker’s interpretation of the images is giving insights into hidden thoughts and emotions but the Rorschach is a projective test with a list of norm responses. Critics are also saying that...