Rosalind Franklin Biography Essay

868 words - 3 pages

In the earlier half of the twentieth century, the discovery of the secrets of life was a goal that many scientists and researchers sought after. There was a brilliant researcher on the frontlines of this effort that brought with her considerable talents. She made important contributions to the study of the DNA molecule or deoxyribonucleic acid, and her name was Rosalind Franklin.
Born on July 25th, 1920 in Notting Hill, London to an influential British-Jewish family, Rosalind Elsie Franklin may never have known the future influence that her life would have on the advancement of women in the scientific fields. Educated at St. Paul’s Girls’ School (one of the few schools for girls that included scientific study) and North London Collegiate School, she excelled in the sciences from a very young age. In 1938, she attended Newnham College in Cambridge to study chemistry within the Natural Sciences Tripos and was awarded Second Class Honors in her finals, which is the equivalent of today’s bachelor’s degree. She did not let the prevailing social standard in place for women at the time prevent her from succeeding, and later went on to graduate with a Ph.D. from Cambridge University.
After receiving her doctorate, she learned the chemical characterization techniques of x-ray crystallography and x-ray diffraction during her four years spent at the Laboratoire Central des Services Chimiques de L’Etat, located in Paris, France. These techniques reveal information about the structure, composition, and physical properties of materials. She later found work as a research associate for John Randall at King’s College, London, in 1951, where she would apply this knowledge to her given assignment of the study of the chemical structure of DNA.
Her research at King’s College led to the discovery that a DNA molecule consists of an intertwined double helix of atoms. Franklin’s role in this discovery remains controversial to this day. It is known that a photograph (“Photograph 51”), which she took, was shown without her permission to two other researchers at the Medical Research Council Biophysics Unit at King’s College by her supervisor, Maurice Wilkins. This image made it possible for Watson and Crick (the two colleagues) to construct a model of DNA that allowed them to comprehend to molecule’s structure. Wilkins, Crick and Watson were jointly awarded a Nobel Prize for the discovery many years after Franklin’s death. Rosalind may have received recognition for her role, but unfortunately the Nobel Prize may not be awarded posthumously. This was the single most important advancement in the field of modern biology up to that point, and would later lead to a further understanding of the human...

Find Another Essay On Rosalind Franklin Biography

Revolutionary Work of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet

Similar Essays

Discovery Of The Structure Of Dna

2524 words - 10 pages it?” [Online] Available http://fig.cox.miami.edu/Faculty/Tom/bil101/lec2.html, 25 March 2001. - Leone, Francis. Genetics: The Mystery and The Promise. Blue Ridge Summit: TAB Books, 1992. - Patterson, Colin. Evolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999. - “Rosalind Franklin.” [Online] Available http://www.anthro.mankato.msus.edu/information/biography/fghjj/franklin_roaslind.html 25 March 2001 - Watson, James and Francis Crick. “A structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid.” Nature. 2 April 1953: 737. - Watson, James D. The Double Helix. New York: Norton Critical Editions in the History of Ideas, 1980.

The Life Of Linus Pauling Essay

1326 words - 5 pages travel prior to his Nobel Prize, Pauling was not able to travel to Great Britain and evaluate the crystallography work done by Rosalind Franklin. There are many scientists that believe to this day that if Pauling was given the opportunity to see Franklin’s work that he would have been credited as the founder of the deoxyribonucleic acid molecule before Watson and Crick. Personal Significance Pauling had a wonderful life filled with much success

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy