This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Roy's Theory Of Adaptation Essay

1670 words - 7 pages

While completing a master’s degree at the University of California- Los Angeles, Sister Callista Roy theorized that the ultimate goal of nursing was to promote adaptation (Clarke, Barone, Hanna, & Senesac, 2011). Applying scientific knowledge to nursing practice, her framework aimed to improve nursing care by providing a holistic perspective to the adaptive behaviours of individuals and groups. Since publication in 1970, Sister Callista Roy has continued to refine her theory of adaptation, addressing its limitations and expanding upon philosophical insights (Roy, 2009). Today, Roy’s theory is one of the most commonly used frameworks in nursing, guiding research, education, and clinical ...view middle of the document...

Within the regulator-cognator subsystem, the regulator is described as an automatic, unconscious, and an innate physiological response to environmental changes (Roy, 2009). These types of responses are controlled by the neurological, chemical, and endocrine pathways, thus, genetically determined and similar amongst populations (Roy, 2009). In contrast, the cognator subsystem is an acquired coping process, learned and developed over time (Roy, 2009). This type of cognitive response is socially influenced, and consists of perceptual information processing, learning, judgement, and emotion (Roy, 2009).
Like the regulator subsystem, the stabilizer subsystem focuses on system maintenance and includes the structures, values, and daily activities of a group that strives to accomplish a common purpose (Roy, 2009). The innovatory subsystem consists of structures and processes related to group functioning involving both change and growth (Roy, 2009). This includes schools, businesses, community centers or other innovative infrastructures and institutions (Roy, 2009). Both individual and group subsystems work together to maintain human and environmental integration, however, environmental changes often present challenges which impact behaviour and affect coping (Roy, 2009).
Stimuli
Roy classifies these environmental challenges into three types of stimuli. The focal stimulus is an object or event causing immediate concern (Roy, 2009). This trigger can either be internal or external and is most often the client’s chief complaint or primary health challenge. Contextual stimuli consist of all other known factors that contribute to the focal stimulus and influence behaviour such as underlying health issues or other health determinants (Roy, 2009). Lastly, residual stimuli are environmental factors that impact the individual or group, however, their effects are unclear and those involved are unaware (Roy, 2009). This includes cultural attitudes, behaviours, and health care practices.
Adaptive Modes
In order to directly observe the coping behaviours of individuals and groups, Roy proposed four adaptive modes, each containing distinctive needs (Roy, 2009).
Physiologic-Physical
The first adaptive mode is physiologic-physical. In this mode, an individual’s physiological needs consists of oxygenation, elimination, activity & rest, and protection (Roy, 2009). These needs are regulated by fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance, and neurologic-endocrine functioning and can be monitored through laboratory testing (Roy, 2009). Within groups, physical needs consist of operational resources (Roy, 2009). These include participants, capacities, physical facilities, and fiscal resources (Roy, 2009).
Self-concept – Group Identity
The second adaptive mode is self-concept – group identity. In this mode, the need for self-concept consists of psychic and spiritual integrity (Roy, 2009). Ultimately, this generates a sense of unity, meaning and...

Find Another Essay On Roy's Theory of Adaptation

Legitimacy of Happiness to Evaluate Societies’ Performances: Hedonic Treadmill/ Adaptation Theory

2054 words - 8 pages arose as many anthropologists and sociologists doubted that happiness could reflect true human progress. In support to this objection was the theory that people will adapt to the circumstances of their societies such that all people will eventually be equivalent in terms of happiness (Diener, pg. 2). Additionally, the theory of subjective comparison, leading to the discussion of hedonic adaptation, suggests that happiness is both futile and

Importance of Theory Essay

2104 words - 9 pages & Wills, 2014). Each of the key nursing theorists who have contributed to the excellence of professional nursing practice adopts the four key concepts that are essential to the practice of nursing: person, environment, health and nursing (Hood, 2010). This paper aims at identifying the importance of theory in relation to Sister Callista Roy and her adaptation model. Importance of nursing theory to the nursing profession Nursing theories and models

Holistic Approach to Nursing and Cultural Approach to Nursing

1980 words - 8 pages ideas, values, and beliefs of what the metaparadigm of nursing represents to me. The first concept of nursing that will be focused on is, person. Roy has provided a general framework that allows for a baseline understanding of the metaparadigm. Roy's view of person, as stated in the Roy Adaptation Model (2009), is as follows, “An adaptive system with cognator and regulator subsystems acting to maintain adaption in four adaptive modes

Analysis of Pain Using Conceptual Models by Keena Rossyion

3096 words - 12 pages for practice (Torakis & Smigielski, 2002). Models define nursing and provide a consistent and efficient way to communication within the profession. Orem's Self-Care Framework, Neuman's System Model, and Roy's Adaptation Model are examples of conceptual models that can be used to explore possible approaches to solving health care problems and clinical concerns. These models can be implemented in practice to ensure the provision of optimal pain

Successful aging

597 words - 3 pages psychometric properties of the SAI when administered to ALC residents. Troutman's midrange theory of successful aging, founded on Roy's adaptation model provided the theoretical framework for Kozar-Westman, Troutman-Jordan (2013) study. The researcher used a cross sectional descriptive quantitative research design. Successful Aging Inventory (SAI), Purpose of life test (PIL), Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI-A) Center for Epidemiologic Studies

Background Information of Chromatic Adaptation

791 words - 4 pages studied for many years and by many different scientists. Scientists today are using chromatic adaptation to test the eyes of everyday people and how fast their eyes react to this visual affect. Works Cited http://ivrg.epfl.ch/page-65575-en.html http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chromatic+adaptation http://www.sciencebuddies.org/Files/2191/4/HumBeh_img004.jpg http://en.cyclopaedia.net/wiki/Von-Kries http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/life-sciences/neuroscience/duplicity-theory-vision-newton-present- http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/col.21799/abstract

Scientific Rhetoric

1180 words - 5 pages people believe in the power of natural selection as a key mechanism of evolution. The writers don’t see eye to eye with this thought and are trying to reassert a competing theory that organisms must be seen as integrated wholes. Gould and Lewontin show their explanations for a pluralistic perspective of the evolutionary theory through diction, quotations, and examples; they are able to persuade readers with their views. Through specific diction, Gould

Differing Rates of Evolutionary Change and Common Misconceptions

2365 words - 9 pages Evolutionary Time Scales EVOLUTIONARY time scales are difficult to comprehend from a human perspective; resultantly, anthropocentric conceptions of time have perverted evolutionary theory. Evolution is seen by laymen as a generational process - a process pondering the question: if the offspring of sexual organisms are always different from their parents, why does speciation only take place over many thousands of generations? Speciation

Comparing the Old and Present Galapagos Islands

1173 words - 5 pages of surveying the South American coast, the Beagle reached San Cristobal (Chatham) in September 1835. The Beagle spent 5 weeks in the Galapagos carefully charting the archipelago. Fitz Roy's chart was remarkably accurate and remained in use until the U.S.S. Bowditch recharted the area in 1942.In the meantime, Darwin made careful observations about both the geology and biology of the islands. Darwin was particularly struck by the" differences

Choosing between standardization and adaptation in international business operation

2190 words - 9 pages weak (Dickson, Viswanathan, 2007). Instead of taking the traditional approach of examining the merits and disadvantages of standardization and adaptation, unconventional theories and concepts would be overviewed and different strategies would be introduced.In this paper, the scope of standardization and adaptation would be examined first. Then the concept and theory of standardization and adaptation would be examined. Then the latest issued and

Film Adaptation

1054 words - 5 pages story often is to be found between the covers of a novel. In spite of development in screenplay writing. there are still far too few top quality screenplays origianally written for film.the film industry will most probably have to depend on novels and short-stories in times to come. Works Cited http://d2buyft38glmwk.cloudfront.net/media/cms_page_media/11/FITC_Adaptation_1.pdf linda hutcheon, A Theory of adaptation, Ed. Linda Hutcheon. (New

Similar Essays

Review Of Hutcheon's A Theory Of Adaptation

695 words - 3 pages reason of the popularity of adaptations nowadays might be explained with financial facts. It is simply because if something made profit and was popular once, there is a high possibility of it will do the same once more, and even more sequels can be made, the risks would be minimal, the profits maximized. If we dwell deeper into the theory of adaptation, we might realize, that they have a “double nature”. Adapters do not only want to repeat or

Linda Hutcheon’s A Theory Of Adaptation

1481 words - 6 pages , when the same story – or an element of the story - is used in various different media, it will inevitably spark debates on which one is superior. Adaptations often get frowned upon for appropriating and exploiting their adapted texts. There are many questions and doubts surrounding adaptation, such as what can be adapted and why are certain works easier to adapt. Linda Hutcheon’s book, A Theory of Adaptation examines these issues and attempts to

Two Nursing Theories: Theory On Human Caring And Theory Of Adaptation

1051 words - 4 pages Nurse Theorist who developed the theory of adaptation. Roy’s theory views the client as an adaptive system an our goal as nurses is to help the patient adapt to the various changes related to health and illness including physiological needs, self-concept, role function and interdependence. If the client is unable to adapt to these changes then nurses must provide care to help them fulfill those needs (Potter & Perry, 2005, p. 69). “Serious

Legitimacy Of Happiness To Evaluate Societies’ Performances: Hedonic Treadmill/ Adaptation Theory

1412 words - 6 pages In addition to Diener and his colleagues, Sheldon and Lyubomirsky recommend the use of variety and appreciation to resolve the limits of the hedonic adaptation theory. In testing the hedonic adaptation prevention model, Sheldon and Lyubomirsky address two main reasons why happiness cannot last. First, as individuals get used to all the positive events that occurred as result of the initial positive change, they just don’t notice them anymore and