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Thomas E. Dewey And The Election Of 1948

1288 words - 6 pages

Thomas E. Dewey and The Election of 1948
Thomas E. Dewey was born and raised in Owosso, Michigan. He graduated from the University of Michigan in 1923, then obtained his degree from Columbia Law School in 1925. [1] While at the University of Michigan, he was a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. He was also a writer for The Michigan Daily. Dewey was a prosecutor in New York City in the 1930s.[1] In 1936 Dewey assisted in the indictment and conviction of Richard Whitney, the former president in the New York Stock Exchange. Mr. Dewey received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York in 1936. Dewey was elected District Attorney of New York County in 1937.
He was said to be an efficient and honest governor. He cut taxes, increased the state aid for education, raised salaries for state employees, and reduced the state's debt. He also put through the first state law in the United States that made it illegal to discriminate racially in employment. Governor Dewey signed the paper that created New York State University. Dewey also was a strong supporter of the death penalty. During his 12 years as Governor New York authority executed just under 100 people. Dewey ran for the 1940 Republican nomination, but ended up losing to Wendell Willkie. At the time Dewey was considered an isolationist. Dewey'sposition evolved during the 1940s; he was generally considered an internationalist and classed with the moderates in later years.
Dewey was once again a Republican candidate in the 1948 presidential election he was predicted unanimously as the winner. Newspaper in Chicago printed "DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN" as its post-election headline, issuing almost a thousand copies before discovering that Truman won.
Given Truman's slowly decreasing popularity, Dewey had seemed unbeatable. Republicans wanted to stay safe and avoid destroying the election or messing something up, and along with their plans Dewey did not take any risk. His Speeches were filled with empty statements and no facts. One of the famous quotes from one of Dewey’s speeches: “Your future is bright, very bright indeed, and brighter than a bald man’s dome.” An editorial in the Louisville Courier-Journal summed it up: No presidential candidate in the future will be so inept that four of his major speeches can be boiled down to these historic four sentences: “Agriculture is important. Our rivers are full of fish. You cannot have freedom without liberty. Our future lies ahead”[1]. In 1944 Deweys upsetting showing was due to his aggressiveness, in which the party planned on avoiding this time around. A problem for Dewey was the fact he was not as conservative as the Republican Congress. Truman tied Dewey to the "do-nothing" Congress. However Dewey was no longer an isolationist.
The Republicans party platform adopted at the convention included some of the following points: Reduction of public debt, extension of Social...

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