Russia Essay

1277 words - 5 pages

TRENCH WARFARE BY JESSICA DAVISTrench warfare in WW1 was one of the most important parts of War. Trenches were a relatively sheltered place for men, with both Allied and opposing armies using the technology available in 1914-18 to build the safest, structurally sound trenches as possible. Trench development was key in the stages of the Stalemate on the western front and was the place of millions of death due to the poor conditions, hygiene and injuries sustained during fighting. The main objective for trenches was a safety, a sleeping place, friendship and comradeship builder, and the site of many acts of bravery on both sides.Through the study of selected primary and secondary resources I have been able to develop a sophisticated understanding of the nature of trench warfare. I have evidence to support my sources in the way of sleep, lice, rats, disease, food, toilets, weather, and trench soldier relief.There were 3 lines of trench defence the frontline, the support line, and the reserve line. There were only ever 10% of soldiers from each side at the front line at any one time, and through a period of 4 days in the front line a soldier would expect to be bombarded constantly, and in turn suffer from severe sleep deprivation, night terrors and exhaustion. The men in the support line would spend 4 days there, after being relieved from the front line. They would also expect constant shelling, and poor sleep. In source (a) I have located a primary source, a photograph taken in an allied support line. It depicts extremely poor conditions, they use their coats as blankets, poorly constructed dug-outs, mud everywhere, and men stuffed in their dugouts sleeping awkwardly and uncomfortably.This source would be used as a deterrent from going to war. It shows such terrible conditions, that no one would like to be subjected to, and this source has been reliable, giving me a reality to the text.Lice were a constant problem in the trenches, it was estimated that at least 95% of men had lice at one time or another. The main reason that lice were such a problem is they were made a person incredibly itchy, but they were the carriers of Trench Fever, a disease that began suddenly with a fever and intense pain. Recovery was a long process which took up to 12 weeks. Lice were not known as the cause of Trench Fever until 1918."Our billet had been christened 'The Bug Pit' by previous occupants, and there was a notice to the effect on the door. One-day when I took off my tunic, I noticed with a sense of horror that the inevitable and happens-I was lousy. I fell like hiding my head in shame that on looking round furtively I noticed that all the others were going down the seams of their tunics with alighted cigarettes. After that I felt a bit better and did the same to my own scenes from the amount of blood vermin sucked from my body throughout the war I wondered that I did not become anemic ."Men in the frontline were unable to change their clothes for at least a week,...

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