Russia Essay

2135 words - 9 pages

14/08/14 10:39The BeginningSince the French Revolution, Liberalism was the leading political system that was sweeping Europe and the Americas. Liberal DemocraciesAll citizens had equal rights. The idea of giving people liberty and equality through a constitution became the hallmark of a liberal governmentLiberals therefore stressed the importance of individual rightsCommunism and FascismAt the beginning of the 20th century, the human population on earth was the biggest it had ever beenPair that with new technology and communication systems and you have what historians call mass societyGovernments needed to respond to this new mass society and figure out the best way to organize such a large, mobile informed group of peopleAt this point, Liberal-Democracies in the world had not taken hold of mass politics and this made that particular form of gov. ill suited to govern mass societyCommunism and Fascism both claimed to have a solution to the liberal- democratic governmentsWith Liberalism focusing on individual rights, Communism and Fascism both focused on being a part of a group insteadC and F felt that individualism was dead. The idea that people can pursue their own self interest and be a part of a political system just didn't work out to themSo the Fascists created a group of Nationalists fighting for a stronger nation, and the Communists united people by social class.Political Parties therefore, should be about protecting there groups of people, and not individualsTheoretical Benefits of Communism and FascismIn this way, masses of people could be mobilized to work for the greater good, either for the nation or the classBoth sides had different ideas about how to mobilize the groups of peopleWhat was necessary was a leadership group that understood the greater goal, or a group of people who could lead the force of people toward a certain goalMussolini described it as : Dynamic minorityLenin as: Revolution led by a vanguard party.Both groups tried to give people a deeper sense of belonging that what was offered by liberalismCommunism gave workers a sense of identity though designing the working class as the agents of the future of socialist revolution.Workers had a tremendous sense of importance and responsibility through this projectFascism offered a sense of identity as a part of building a great nationSo both political ideologies offered the alienated masses of mass society a place to participate, either though agents of revolution or key players in building a strong state.Failures of LiberalismLiberal government had not been able to create a sense of belonging that united people behind themLiberalism was always talking about the pursuit of individual interestsLiberalism had no language about being a part of a group or about belonging. Nothing saying "we're doing this all together"So self interest only appealed to the wealthy and rich who were able to pursue interesting life projects. Most people were not able to pursue individualistic...

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