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Russia Essay

3153 words - 13 pages

The role that the end of the First World War played in Russian history is a peculiar one, as it can be seen not only as the final act of oppression for the tsar but also as the event which sparked the regime change in Russia. Although many historians debate whether the First World War was the cause of the fall or simply a catalyst, it is understood that it played a large role in shaping the future of Russia’s governance. The First World War served as a turning point not only for Russia, but for monarchical rule in general. However, in Russia, it was not simply the war which brought about change to the country. Rather the war finally weakened the country enough so that all of the social problems which had been forming for the past decade finally came to a head. The revolution which ended the tsarist regime did not come as other revolutions had. There were no great individuals who wanted to take control of the country for themselves. There were no parts of the government who felt that they were being underrepresented and that a change needed to occur, and there were not overseas empires controlling the country without representation. Ironically the end of the tsarist regime in Russia ended not with the removal of the tsar in 1917, but rather with the implementation of one in 1894. The tsarist regime in Russia fell due to the combined incompetency of Nicholas II as tsar, and the resentment of the people towards a system unwilling to change for them.
Although the First World War was the event which set off all of the building tensions in Russia and that the tsarist regime had been in jeopardy for a while. The First World War only served as the finality to the events which ruined the legitimacy of the tsar and finally allowed the people and parties to air their grievances. To demonstrate which tensions contributed the fall of the tsarist regime, this paper will draw upon several key socio-cultural aspects of Russian life which had the people calling for the tsar’s head by 1917. The horror of the Great War brought to light the hardships which the peasants and soldiers faced and increasingly undermined the legitimacy of the tsarist regime. This paper will focus on the events leading up to the February Revolution in 1917, starting with the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-5and the belief that his coronation was to bring a new, more prosperous regime.
Tsar Nicholas II will be a large focus on this paper since all of his actions directly changed the course of Russian history, especially in such a volatile time. His failures during the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-5 for example, played an important role in changing Russia due to the subsequent revolution by the people after. This early revolution in 1905 marked the beginning of a very tumultuous time. The revolution also brought about the creation of the Duma, Russia’s elected assembly and its expanded freedoms, which demonstrates how the country almost went in the...

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