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Russia And The Bolsheviks Essay

625 words - 3 pages

Russia’s development as a nation state has been principally dominated by realism and a system maintainer approach to foreign policy and to the preservation of the states sovereignty. Currently, the country is known as the Russian Federation, which has a strong lineage in the principles of conservatism and modest interaction with western imperialism. Robert Tucker in Swollen State, Spent Society: Stalin’s Legacy to Brezhnev’s Russia outlines the feasible historical background that has enunciated in Russia a system of periodic openness and then halt, with the change of Tsars as well as political leaders. The most prominent factor throughout the chapter is the pattern that can be traced during particular leaderships. Hence, Peter the Great and his desire to have a more westernized Russia, yet after his death in the ruling of Fyodor and the subsequent “Time of Troubles”. Tucker focuses on the societal developments, and adaptation of a country that has been lashed from extremism to purge.
Meanwhile, Tucker focuses on the policies of Stalin and its differences from those of Lenin. Lenin’s ideologies, as founder of the Bolsheviks party, was a system of communism and equality yet during the last years of his life he understood that a certain controlled capitalism was needed for Russia to improve the quality of life of its people and socio economically. Whereas Lenin focused on three state defining actors the protection of his borders, redistribution of wealth, and a system of rules; Stalin had a completely different agenda. He had the strong idea of collectivization and as soon as he obtained power he began to destroy the policies that were established by his predecessor, Lenin. Thus, there is an existing parallelism between openness and rigidity of the governments who rule in the Russian state. The foundation of the communist party in the Soviet Union depended on the belief and support of the...

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