Russia, The Cuban Missile Crisis
CBRN SLC #003-14, 4th Plt
May 19, 2014
During the end of World War II, a political struggle existed between the Western World, North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies, and the Eastern Bloc. Lasting until 1991, this struggle was better known as the Cold War. At the helm of these sides was the United States of America and the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics or better known as the Soviet Union. Both of these nations were constantly competing amongst each other in order to demonstrate their superiority of their politico-economic system. This was also done through proxy conflicts such as political, development aid, and military just to name a few. Their focus went towards post World War II European nations in trying to win over these locations to their perspective sides. As the Cold War progressed, the lines in Europe became more consolidated. This then allowed for the two Superpowers to migrate towards the developing nations in South America, Asia, and Africa.
In an effort to further their spread, the Soviet Union decided to render support to the island of Cuba. Cuban government was initially neutral to the superpower competition. With an initial noninterest in Cuba, the Soviet Union eventually saw this as an opportunity for the nation to continue advancing in the arms race. Cuban President Fidel Castro had frayed the relationship with America when he made threats, and ultimately undertook reforms that would harm American-owned property in the country. The increasingly hostile relationship with the United States provided an opening for the Soviet Union. Castro formed trade ties with Moscow and as Cuba grew closer to the Soviet Union, the relations with Washington deteriorated further. Cuba At the beginning of 1961, the United States revoked its diplomatic recognition of Cuba. The Cuban government felt exploited over the past years by the Americans. This became an opportunity for the Soviets to continue in pursuit further growth. With the continuing advancements in the arms race, the Soviet Union decided to place its giant obsolete rockets with a more sophisticated missile network. Several medium range ballistic missiles (MRBM’s) were placed in Cuban territory. The exact amount came to approximately thirty six to forty two medium SS-4’s. Of those missiles, only six of them were decoys in an attempt to deceive for a potential attack towards the United States. Ranging 1,266 miles, these missiles had the capability of reaching major cities like New Orleans, Washington D.C and even Miami. Just one of the warheads had an explosive capacity of about one megaton which is the equivalent to one million tons of explosive. This yielded with over sixty times as much destructive force to the atomic bomb that was dropped in Hiroshima, Japan. That was simply 16,000 kilotons equaling 16,000 tons of explosive. Along the Cuban coast, the Soviets placed around 80 variant missiles evenly among...