Did Russia’s diplomatic issues influence their decision in entering World War One?
A. Plan of Investigation
This investigation assesses how Russia’s Government and people influenced their country’s decision in entering World War One. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Ferdinand were assassinated by alleged Serbian Black Hand Terrorists. The assassination caused world turmoil. People and Countries saw Ferdinand’s death as an opportunity to invade and overcome new territories to claim as their own. Russia’s involvement was greatly influenced by the previous and occurring problems with the Czars, its people and its economic ties. Two sources used in this essay: The First World War, compiled by John Keegan and History of Russia: a Brilliant Chronicle of Russian History from its Ancient Beginning to Present Day by John Lawrence are then evaluated for their origins, purpose, values and limitations.
B. Summary of Evidence
Prior to World War One, Russia lost their naval port, Vladivostok, to the Japanese during the Russian Japanese war; putting a huge strain on the already struggling government. During this time, Nicholas II ruled as a Czar of Russia. During his reign, Russia’s rich prevailed greatly, while the poor starved and went to war. The rich believed “The people have the need for potatoes but not for the least of the constitution” they stood strong in the belief that the illiterate agriculturalists should have no say in their government, but also strongly considered that “Russia could not be ruled effectively unless the tsar took at least a part of the nation into partnership.” In 1904, the prices of basic good increased, while the real wages declined a little over twenty percent. Within the next several days, an estimated 110,000 workers in St. Petersburg went on strike. As a result to attempt to settle the dispute, the demands of the people for eight hour days and increased wages were introduced to the Czar, but then denied. The people’s anger grew stronger and the strikes increased. By the time it reached the Winter Palace, the police were ordered to attack. Over one hundred were killed and approximately three hundred were injured. It is known today as Bloody Sunday. The people, tired of being oppressed and used, rose up and started the beginning of the Russian Revolution. In June of 1905, members of the Potemkin battle ship protested against serving rotten meat to their shipmates. The captain ordered all who protested to be shot and killed as an example, but the firing squad refused to carry out his orders. The whole crew then threw their captains overboard. This became known as Potemkin Mutiny, which then spread to many naval and army units. In October of 1905, the people decided to make the rich realize how much they were needed by attacking the economy for a bigger impact. Industrial workers for railroad systems went on strike, so the Czar created the October Manifesto which created...