Russia’s Condition Before The Revolution Essay

1157 words - 5 pages

In the late 19th century Russia had been notably behind Europe economically, they weren’t in possession of the modern farming technologies that could efficiently provide for a large country. As a result 90% of the Russian population were peasants (Massey, 4). The serfs lived in deep poverty; they didn’t have the appropriate apparatus to produce enough crops and most of their landlords had unbelievably high demands. In an effort to reform the economy’s recession tsar Alexander II liberated the serfs. However this created more bad for both the serfs and the nobles. In the beginning the serfs saw this is a great victory and another reason to be thankful for their tsar. But as timed pass by the peasants saw this life of liberty and freedom to be increasingly difficult. The government directly compensated the nobles, while the less desirable land was sold to the peasants at a much higher price. They monthly rent they paid the nobles was replaced with paying the state (Massey, 5). And while the population nearly doubled between 1861-1917 poverty increased not only with the peasants but with the nobles as well. Nobles found it hard to assimilate them to a new life style where they would have to trade their lavish goods with farming tools and as result many of them acquired a large amount of debt. This period signifies a time where the people of Russia opened their eyes to the deep poverty and lives of oppression they were living. This is the point where the feelings of peasants who previously worshiped the tsar turned bitter. After consistent resistance to industrialization the tsar had finally given in, aggressive approaches were put in place and railroads grew more than 15,500 miles in 1880 (Massey,6). As the Industrial production continued to grow, a widespread dissatisfaction spread across the nation. Factory working conditions were extremely dangerous and workers were often over worked with little pay. People argued that because of the urbanization there were forced to move into cities and move away from their communes. With increasing poverty and discontent, Russians had enough and between 1912-1915 “over 3 million workers took part in 9000 strikes” (Massey, Part 2). World War I created consequential economical strains on the people of Russia. Going to war with a good economy is expensive enough, but going to war during hard times in the economy is even worse. The people of Russia were evidently the victims of this negligence to plan before a war. Taxes became increasingly higher along with the cost of living. After World War I people continued to lose faith of the tsar, they grew tried of the war and desperately wanted out. They turned to the Bolsheviks the only political party at the time who wanted Russia to completely back down from the war.

People had been harboring feelings of incompetence towards the Tsar way before World War I. Events that happened led up to the revolution revealed the Tsar weakness to the people. A prime example...

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