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Russia's Path To Communism Essay

905 words - 4 pages

Russia, like many other countries, has an extensive history of battles stemming from which way of government is the right way of government. The revolutions and civil wars that went on in Russia resulted in millions of death and repression to those who were spared. These disputes over the way to govern can be traced back to the days of autocracies.Tsar Nicholas II is often thought of as a horrible leader. The majority of his people were very unsatisfied with his rule but listened to him anyways for reasons of fear and worries of surviving. However, during World War I, conditions were so intolerable that the people finally decided to overthrow the Tsar. They were starving, the prices of goods and food were outrageous, and above all, the Russians were tired of being at war. The people were also upset because the Tsar appointed unqualified officials and seemed to be influenced by Rasputin, a strange and inelegant man hired to heal the Tsar's son. The workers in Petrograd protested food shortages and government. The Tsar sent his secret police to break up the protests, but this was a failure because the soldiers handed their weapons over to the workers. The workers then took over the government, and the Tsar abdicated his throne.A Provisional government made up of Tsarist officials and other wealthy people took over and would stay in power until a constitution was written. The Provisional government was the official power but very few listened to them, probably because Russia remained in the war, which is exactly what the Russian's didn't want. The Provisional Government, looking for support, gave complete freedom to the people, which didn't really help them gain to much support. Also, at this time the Petrograd Soviets, communists organized into committees, were emerging. The Soviets wanted the workers to run factories together, and for the soviet soldiers to replace army officials. The Soviets were trusted by the workers and soldiers, and in turn, actually had more power then the Provisional Government.One branch of the Communists, the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin believed the Petrograd Soviet still wasn't catering enough to the workers discomfort. Lenin wanted the Bolsheviks to lead a revolution into the streets to solve these problems. This revolution occurred in October and during it, Lenin made promises to the people such as, "Peace, Bread, and Land." Leon Trotsky, another Bolshevik, captured areas of Petrograd and stormed the Winter Palace along with the Red army. The Provisional Government was so out of sorts that they didn't even react.After the October Revolution, a civil war...

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