Russia's Rupture Of Rights For Its Citizens

1142 words - 5 pages

Russia’s government is not effectively protecting the rights of the Russian citizens. Many violations against the law have been committed. Human right violations regarding: freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of protest, and equality of an individual. All of this news has been front page many times on popular magazines and press media. Protesters and journalists expressing their opinions have been facing unreasonable consequences such as: persecution, murder or arrest. (thesis) Although the rights are clearly set in the Russian Constitution, the government and the people violate this guide lines creating an environment of conflicts and unfair behaviour. For such reason it is essential to follow and enforce the laws of the Constitution because unreasonable consequence are always faced by the innocent.
The Russian Constitution was established December 25, 1993 under the power of President Boris Yeltsin. It includes basic human rights that reflect a Republican form of government. President Yeltsin wanted a new constitution that would give more authority to the president, but also provide basic rights to the nation. Before Yeltsin or the Russian Constitution in 1993, the land which now is known as Russia was USSR (Soviet Union) . The Soviet union was a communist country and their constitution, established in 1978, didn’t reflect the principles of what Yeltsin or the population wanted, thats why a new one was wrote. The government of Russia is divided into three branches:executive,legislative, and judicial. The executive branch includes the president and the prime minister. The president is made superior to the legislative and judicial branch by having specific powers. For instance the president of the Russian Federation has the right to command something without having to review with the other branches first, although the command itself can not overthrow one law in the constitution. In addition he has the right to schedule a referendum, send a draft law to the legislature, change federal laws and dismiss the state of Duma (lower house of parliament),and has the control over the navy and the army . The legislative branch includes the parliament which is called Duma. The Duma,the lower house, consists of 450 representatives that have the power to choose the budget of the country and propose ideas to the president. The federation council,the higher house, it has 168 participants known as senators deals with the problems of the region they represent. Two senators for each region. The Judicial branch includes the constitutional court which is composed of 19 judges. They have the power to judge cases between the executive and the legislative branches, Moscow and other regions, violations against the right embedded in the constitution, and to take care of impeachment against the President. Although this system may seem very well organized human rights violations are still a prominent issue and the government is not responding correctly.
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