Russian Formalism Essay

840 words - 3 pages

Fairy Palaces and Elephants (a.k.a. Factories and the Machinery inside them)Symbolism, Imagery, AllegoryThis one is from the narrator and runs throughout the novel: the idea that the ugly, square, fact-based, oppressive mills look like fairy palaces with elephants in them when they are lit up at night. The image first pops up as something a person riding by Coketown in a fast-moving train might say - in other words, someone who doesn't know any better what the reality of the place actually is. It's an idea dripping with irony, since we already know that there is nothing beautiful or magical about the factories. Then, in a pretty neat trick, "Fairy Palaces" becomes kind of a nickname for the mills, and is used whenever Dickens needs to poke readers awake and yet again quickly remind them how awful life is for the factory workers.Fire, Sparks, and AshesSymbolism, Imagery, AllegoryPurely a Louisa thing here, since she's a big fan of sitting around staring at the fire and thinking about life. There are two strands to this image. One is for fires in the fireplace, which send up little burning ashes that extinguish and fall. The second is for the fires inside the factory chimneys, which lie dormant all day and then suddenly burst forth at night. It's not really clear what we're meant to take from these images. Is Louisa the ashes - her life's energy will be used when she is still very young, and she will spend the rest of her life as ashes, a waste product? Or is she the fiery chimney - seemingly very quiet, reserved, cool, and detached, but secretly waiting for the right moment to burst forth with all her passion aglow? Or is the idea to connect Louisa with a more mystical scene of a wise woman, oracle, or shaman, looking into the village fire before she speaks some kind of primal truth to whoever is nearby?Turtle Soup, Venison, and a Gold SpoonSymbolism, Imagery, AllegoryBounderby's old standby whenever he wants to talk smack about the things his workers want is to bust out their unreasonably (and obviously totally fictitious) desire to eat this fancy, expensive meal. There are probably a couple of things to explore in this symbol of good living. First, this goes to describe another part of Bounderby's character. He is good at making up stories (ahem, lying) so this is yet another myth he invents, this time about the unionized factory Hands. Second, it's interesting that of all the possible ways to...

Find Another Essay On Russian Formalism

Thoroughly Post-Modern: Defining My Practice of Photography by Defining an Art Movement

3308 words - 13 pages seeds that would begin to mature come the 1960s. Photography tried to enter the gallery via the pictorialist movement, but it did not last long and photography was revered for its ability to capture and document “truth”. Alfred Stieglitz championed modern photographic art and established the criteria by which photography was practiced as art. Formalism was embraced by American photographers; such as Ansell Adams and Paul Strand (Wells, 2004

Kuleshov Essay

1337 words - 6 pages heavily upon editing. Some consider Kulsehov the father of Soviet Cinema, having been the first to publish about the formal possiblites of the medium and the power of montage editing. A montage is French for assembly or edit, it involves pieces of footage to make a film. During the Russian Revolution Kuleshov documented the war on the Eastern Front in documentary on the Red Front in the 1920s. Around that time, Kuleshov was deeply impressed and

The Music of Dmitri Shostakovich

1643 words - 7 pages , based on the story by Gogol. Against the composer’s on wishes the opera was given a concert performance in June 1929, and was ferociously attacked by the Russian Association of Proletarian Musicians and was given poor reviews. When the opera was given its first real performance on January 18, 1930 reviews were generally unreceptive, even from former supporters of the opera. For the first time in the composer’s life he was accused of

Dmitri Shostakovich: A Musical Creative Genius

3748 words - 15 pages Dmitri Shostakovich: Creative Musical Genius "In Shostakovich we have the paradigm of a new, essentially political form of complex inward adjustments, one which requires a new kind of symphony." (Norris 177) Although a lifelong communist and an intense Russian patriot (he applied for and was granted membership into the Communist party in 1960), Dmitri Shostakovich composed under constant fear of public condemnation, often for what he

New Criticism

1811 words - 7 pages New Criticism New Criticism is an approach to literature, which was developed by a group of American critics, most of whom taught at southern universities during the years following the First World War. Like Russian Formalism, following Boris Eikhenbaum and Victor Shklovskii, the New Critics developed speculative positions and techniques of reading that provide a vital complement to the literary and artistic

Dmitri Shostakovich and the Soviet State

2162 words - 9 pages work on his satirical opera The Nose, based on the story by Gogol. Against the composer’s on wishes the opera was given a concert performance in June 1929, and was ferociously attacked by the Russian Association of Proletarian Musicians and was given poor reviews. When the opera was given its first real performance on January 18, 1930 reviews were generally unreceptive, even from former supporters of the opera. For the first time in the

Dr. Strangelove - end of the war, and i feel fine

3089 words - 12 pages himself of this, Groeteschele is able to view the Soviets as merely being instruments of calculation and abstract formalism, rather than human beings. Indeed, in defense of his argument that the Americans should strike first so that the Russians will concede, Groetechele states that the Russians are "Marxist-fanatics, not normal people...they don't reason the way you reason, they're not motivated by human emotions such as rage and pity...they are

A Critical Note on New Historicism

3099 words - 13 pages critical enquiry. The literary productions have been bifurcated as ‘works’ and ‘texts’. To elaborate these approaches here one-by-one would be an irrelevant undertaking, but their names are tabulated with their respective time span as: • Russian Formalism ( 1920s-30) • Myth and Archetypal Criticism (1940s-50s) • New Criticism and Phenomenological Criticism (1940s 50s) • Stylistics and Structural Criticism (1960s) • Poststructuralist Criticism

A history and internal analysis of the workings of the Mafia

2716 words - 11 pages , dishonour, belonging and unity. The culture of blood feuds - initiating vendettas against an entire family in retaliation for the sins of one member appears to be in keeping with the mafia's idea that blood is symbolic of the strongest of human bonds.The only protection that the Mafia has for its survival are inflexible rules and uncompromising formalism. Prerequistites for being a man of honour are being male, courage, having the capacity to

Joseph Stalin Single Party Paper

5524 words - 22 pages other necessities was just as bad. Clothes and shoes were practically unobtainable. Many people had not had a single new garment for several years. Housing conditions were frightful. In many places the people were literally tearing the houses to pieces and burning them for fuel. In 1921, the Russian city workers were starving, freezing, and generally impoverished; and as for the peasants, many millions of them were just sinking into what was

Security in the Andean region, diplomacy, post cold war transformations

4841 words - 19 pages Cold War anti-communist posture to the present course of coercive diplomacy toward the drug issue. A fundamental dimension is the overlay of US security imperatives. Regional integration to date has remained largely formalism, limited principally to trade relations and common tariff policies, should not underrate the importance of a regional governance project. (Comunidad Andina de Naciones - CAN) Perhaps what is most striking about the sweeping

Similar Essays

Russian Formalism Essay

1796 words - 7 pages Russian FormalismRussian Formalism is a movement of literary criticism and interpretation that emerged in Russia during the second decade of the twentieth century and remained active until about 1930. It concentrated on analyzing the internal structure of literary texts and involved detailed inquiry into plot structure, narrative perspective, symbolic imagery, and other literary techniques. In other words, it stressed the importance of form and

Russian Formalism Essay

3708 words - 15 pages PAGE PAGE 10 The Industrial Social Novel: Fiction from FactLaura ThompsonTesoro High SchoolLas Flores, CA"Literary works cannot be taken over like factories, or literary forms of expression like industrial methods. Realist writing, of which history offers many widely varying examples, is likewise conditioned by the questions of how, when and for what class it is made use of." Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956), "The Popular and the Realistic"During the

Summary Of The Theory Of The Formal Method

499 words - 2 pages In “The Theory of the ’Formal Method”’, written in 1925, the author Boris Eichenbaum outlines and explains the evolution of the Russian For- malist movement and, by that, elucidates it’s main arguments. He states that there is no fixed theory or ready-made system which can be described as the Formalist’s theory. The basis of the formalist position is that the ob- ject of literary science, as such, must be the study of those specifics which

Trotsky Essay

1761 words - 7 pages Russian Jewish Revolutionary leader and Soviet politician, a close friend of Lenin. Trotsky's theory ofpermanent revolution' became unpopular after Stalin had gained power in the Soviet Union. Trotskywas assassinated by one of Stalin's agents. Although Trotsky later condemned the Red Terror, he was, perhaps, one of its first proponents."Things are not going well. The Greek soldiers landed on the shores of Crimea, according to the reports of