Russian History: Order Number 1 Essay

582 words - 2 pages

Following the February Revolution, Order Number 1 was issued March 1, 1917 by The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers Deputies. The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies was a collection of mainly lower-class soldiers and factory workers whom were dissatisfied with their non-representative voting in the Duma. The order was to ensure that these soldiers and workers would be represented and not abused as they were before the revolution by officers and high-class citizens. It also had the effect affect of limiting the Provisional Government and Military Commission of their respected entitlements in government. Many in the Petrograd Soviet feared that officers were sympathetic towards the Duma and might try to crush the revolution. Order Number 1 reflected this distrust of officers by taking control of all armories away and giving them to committees of lower-classed soldiers. The Petrograd Soviet also reserved for itself the right to contradict and reverse any military orders given by the Provisional Government. Although The Petrograd Soviets' leaders did not wish to take formal power over the country; they were also unwilling to give the Provisional Government that power. Order Number 1 effectively changed who controlled the Russian army and its' workers.The articles of Order Number 1 set forth rendered the new Provisional Government subject to the will of the Petrograd Soviets in military affairs. In the first article, it called upon all military entities to form committees of low ranked soldiers. In all political actions the military is to listen to its' committees (Article Three). They were to carry out any orders given to them by the Duma and Provisional Government unless in disagreement with the Petrograd Soviet (Article...

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