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Russian Revolution And Social Change Essay

1026 words - 5 pages

Throughout history, revolutions have developed in response to a variety of conditions. These revolutions have often resulted in significant political, economic, and social change. As the 1900’s rolled in, European nations were at peace, that is until the darker forces were pushing Europe toward war. Those darker forces included nationalism and alliance systems that would help fuel the Great War or World War I. The effects of World War I were massive including the Treaty of Versailles and the enormous amount of human casualties as well as economic losses. During World War I, another revolution broke out in Russia, removing Russia from the war and transformed the Russian empire into the first Communist state. There were many causes of the Russian Revolution including the weakness of the Czar and World War I. Finally, there were many effects of the Russian Revolution, two of which included the establishment of a communist government as well as a new economic policy.
World War I was a massive war that overwhelmed Europe and spread across the world. There were many causes of this war, one being nationalism. Nationalism is the belief that people should be loyal to their nation and in the 1900’s, there was a rivalry between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and France. They were competing not only for materials but also for territorial disputes. France wanted revenge on Germany after losing the Franco-Prussian War and losing some of their provinces. Finally, after the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife were killed by a member of a radical Slovic nationalist group, World War I broke out.
Another cause of World War I were the creation of the military alliances in Europe, and instead of keeping the peace, these alliances helped start the war. Going back to the idea that France wanted revenge for losing in the Franco-Prussian War, Prussia’s chancellor, Bismarck, wanted to separate France, leaving it without allies. As a result, he formed the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary, and later, Italy joined this alliance forming the Triple Alliance. Then, the ruler of Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm II, made Bismarck resign and with his efforts, helped make the German navy equal to Great Britain’s. This alarmed Great Britain forcing it to form an alliance with France and Russia forming the Triple Entente. These two rival groups became the opposing sides in World War I.
There were many immediate and long term effects of World War I, one being the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty between Germany and the Allied powers was signed on June 28, 1919. First, it created a League of Nations which would help keep the peace among the nations. The treaty also forced Germany to take blame for the war and as a result, Germany had to pay damages to the allies as well as having their military operations restricted. Another effect of World War I was the enormous amount of human casualties...

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