Russian Revolution Essay

1318 words - 5 pages

15.05.12Mr. LancettHumanitiesAlexandre RoubaudRussian Revolution EssayIn what ways is the Russian Revolution either proof that societies will always rise to the occasion and change for the better, or that dictators will always take power by force and fear is the deciding factor in whether or not a revolution succeeds?Over the course of human history, several factors have helped to make changes, even to create a revolution, whether the people or dictators make it. The Russian Revolution took place over 1861 to 1924. It is one of the most important social and political events of the 20th century. Many revolutions have occurred over the period of 1917 to 121. This led to a political party, the Bolsheviks also known as the communists, to take power. When looking at the factors that explain that dictators will always take power by force and fear to make a revolution succeed, four key events are becoming apparent. The four events are the April Theses, the October Revolution, the Civil War and the "War Communism" policy.The event of the April Theses gives us a clear view on how dictatorship took over the people's voice. After the collapse of Tsardom, Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks, came back to Russia on the 3rd of April. The next day he issued the "April Theses". He added in the Theses that no support should be given to the Provisional Government. This made the situation easier for the Bolsheviks to overthrow the government. Lenin declared war on the Provisional Government and all who supported it. In addition Lenin called for all private estates, the nationalization of the land and Soviet control of banks, production and distribution. He used the slogan "Peace, Land and Bread". This could be seen as an act for the people but it is in fact a way to prepare Russia for the dictatorship. By doing this all the land and the banks could then be controlled by the government.When we look at the October Revolution, we can see that at the beginning people were trying to overthrow the government but political parties like the Bolsheviks took the advantage to grow and gain power. The October Revolution was an important event as the provisional government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik government. The Bolsheviks were the least likely party to take control. Vladimir Lenin led the October Revolution. On the 7th of November 1917, Bolshevik leader Lenin led his leftist revolutionaries in a revolt against the ineffective Provisional Government. The October revolution ended the phase of the revolution instigated in February, replacing Russia's short-lived provisional parliamentary government with government by soviets, local councils elected by bodies of workers and peasants. When it became clear that the Bolsheviks had little support outside of the industrialized areas of Saint Petersburg and Moscow, they simply barred non-Bolsheviks from membership in the soviets. This obviously caused mass domestic tension with many individuals who called for another...

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