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Russian Tactics During World War Ii

1919 words - 8 pages

Russian Tactics During World War II The Russians began the war in a disorganised way as a result of the
purges of officers prior to the outbreak. In addition Stalin ignored
intelligence concerning the German invasion plans. Thus the issue here
is to reflect on just how the Russians managed to become one of the
victor nations. Among the factors one would include: the central
organisation of resources which gave the nation the ability to resist;
the large-scale mobilisation of resources, especially the placing of
women in the workforce to release males for army service; the partial
reconciliation with the Church; Stalin's rapid use of his leadership
and personality to unite the people. Other factors would include
German mistakes and the impact of the Russian climate on the invading
forces

Introduction:

On 22 June 1941, Nazi Germany began the Operation Barbarossa, the
invasion of the Soviet Union. The Great Patriotic War began
inauspiciously for the Soviet Union as the military forces were caught
unprepared and Stalin ordered the border units not to return fire. "on
the first day of the war 1200 Soviet planes were destroyed" (www.english.pravda.ru)
The German blitzkrieg nearly succeeded in defeating the Russians
within the first months. By November 1941 The German army had seized
the Ukrainian Republic, started the siege of Lennigrad and threatened
the security of Moscow. Whole armies and vast quantities of equipment
had been lost in the first weeks of the war. It seemed that Russia may
not survive and it was imperative for the CPSU to focus on policies to
fight this 'war against fascism'. This involved the Soviet leadership
in deploying resources to modernise and transform the army as well as
re-establish and safeguard its industrial base. Stalin accepted a
'strange' alliance with the West and accepted material aid from its
allies, America and Britain. He also demonstrated leadership that that
was ruthless and unyielding in order to deliver a victory regardless
of the cost. Most importantly the state's policies involved appealing
to the people's sense of nationalism and patriotism rather than
loyalty to Marxist-Lenninst principles,

Modernisation

One of the key reasons for the Soviet success was that the military
leaders were willing to learn from the Germans particularly in
relation to more sophisticated and mechanised equipment and weaponry
and the tactics of modern armoured warfare. The Soviet army was
modernised and this transformation resulted in better performance in
battle with fewer losses - in 1941 six or seven Soviet tanks were lost
for every German one; by 1944 the ratio was down to one to one.
(Mastering 20th Century Russian History)

The military achieved significant success with the...

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