In 100 days, almost 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers in Rwanda were killed ("Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened"). The Rwandan genocide was like some of the genocides you have probably heard about before. There was racism and discrimination erupting in this small town in Africa. Many people were murdered, just because they were standing up for themselves. The government was in a mess; their president had been killed. This is the story of the Rwandan genocide.
In “The American Radio Works: Justice on Trial, Rwanda's Revolutionary Justice, Page 3” it informs that people in Rwanda were categorized into three groups: the Hutu, the Tutsi, and the Twa (3). In the beginning, there were only two groups: the Tutsi--the people who owned most of the cattle, and the Hutu--everyone else. (3). These names didn’t really take on a racial role until the Belgians took over (3). The Belgians also added a term-the Twa, a very small group of hunter-gatherers in Rwanda; the Hutu made up most of Rwanda’s population (3).
It all started when the Belgians took over; they gave all the leadership positions to the Tutsi; therefore, the Hutu were upset (3). Since most of Rwanda’s population was Hutu, Rwanda started struggling for independence from Belgium (3). The Belgians then realized that since there were so many Hutu, the Hutu could start a revolution against them (3). Since this was the case, they let the Hutu be in charge of the government which made the Tutsis upset (3). I think that what started it was the Hutu and the Tutsi became enemies because they both wanted power; they both wanted to be in charge.
The President of Rwanda, President Juvénal Habyarimana, a Hutu, ran a totalitarian regime in 1973 in Rwanda that excluded all Tutsis from being a part of it (3). That changed on August 3, 1993, when Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords, it weakened the Hutu hold on Rwanda (3).The Arusha Accords allowed Tutsis to participate in the government, so the Hutu extremists became very angry (3).
In "Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened" It mentioned that on April 6, 1994, at 8:30 P.M., President Habyarimana was killed in a plane explosion. He was flying home from Tanzania (The American Radio Works: Justice on Trial, Rwanda's Revolutionary Justice, Page 3). A surface-to-air missile shot his plane out of the sky over Rwanda’s capital city, Kigali . Everyone who was on the plane was killed in the crash (3). Within 24 hours after the plane crashed, the Hutu and completely taken over the government (3).
On April 7, 1994, Hutu extremists began purging the government of their political opponents (3). Both Tutsis and Hutu moderates were killed (3). This included the prime minister (3). Over the next several days, weeks, and months, the violence spread (3). The government had nearly all the names of the Tutsis living in Rwanda, so killers could go door to door slaughtering them (3). From April to July, about 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed ("Rwanda: How the...