Africa has been an interesting location of conflicts. From the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea to the revolutionary conflict in Libya and Egypt, one of the greatest conflicts is the Rwandan Genocide. The Rwandan Genocide included two tribes in Rwanda: Tutsis and Hutus. Upon revenge, the Hutus massacred many Tutsis and other Hutus that supported the Tutsis. This gruesome war lasted for a 100 days. Up to this date, there have been many devastating effects on Rwanda and the global community. In addition, many people have not had many acknowledgements for the genocide but from this genocide many lessons have been learned around the world.
To find the cause of the Rwandan genocide, many people had tried to follow the path of history from the colonialism of Rwanda to the Rwandan genocide. Belgium wanted to expand just like other powerful nations like Great Britain, Spain, and France due to the lack of space and resources provided to each nation in Europe. After the great discovery of Vasco de Gamma, many European ventured towards Africa to colonize territories. After the Berlin Conference of 1884, Belgium had colonized the territory of Rwanda. After colonization, they left the Tutsis in charge as opposed to Hutus because of the fact that the Belgians thought Tutsis had a Caucasian ancestry. After the Rwandan independence, power was given to the Hutus. After the power was given to the Hutus, the Hutus took revenge on the Tutsis which resulted in some killings. In the movie, Hotel Rwanda, President Habyarimana was killed. The killing was blamed on the Tutsis which caused the enraged Hutus to start the Rwandan Genocide. Although the initial cause of the genocide could be Belgian Imperialism, in the movie it was actually the killing of the Hutu President.
The Rwandan Genocide could have been prevented and could have given Rwanda a positive outlook; this would have only worked if certain measures would have been taken. In Hotel Rwanda, it was stated that the foreign soldiers were there as “peacekeepers” not “peacemakers.” This meant that the U.N. forces would not intrude between the two tribes. Ultimately, if the U.N. forces would have made peace and intervened in the conflict, the U.N. forces could have saved many aspects of Rwanda today. Another way that the Rwandan Genocide could have been prevented would have been linked to the beginning of the Tutsi’s ruling. If the Tutsis had not angered the Hutus and acted just and fair, then the Hutus would have no intention to be rude towards the Tutsis. Because these steps towards prevention were not taken in the past, this led to many negative impacts in Rwanda and the world.
The impacts in Rwanda were enormous. One conspicuous effect of the conflict was the declination of the Rwandan people. Most of the population decline came from the Tutsi tribe and moderate Hutus. In total, close to 1,000,000 people were killed due to the conflict. An offshoot was the economic declination of Rwanda. Since less...