Safer Sex With Contraception. Essay

1417 words - 6 pages

"Be kind; everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle." Many teenagers engaged in a relationship have most likely experienced peer pressure to have sex with their boyfriend or girlfriend. Within themselves, they fight a battle as to whether or not they should listen to their friends. Sex can be a harmful to a successful future. Often, teens think that by using contraceptives, their rates of getting pregnant will decrease. In 1997, more than one million U.S. teenagers become pregnant-one in nine women aged 15-19 and one in five who are sexually active. In 1988, the teenage pregnancy rate was 113 per 1,000 women aged 15-19. The rate was 74 per 1,000 among those aged 15-17. Nonwhite teenagers have twice the pregnancy rate of white teenagers-in 1988, the rates were 197 and 93, respectively (Chad Moses, 1997). A variety of contraceptives most likely used by teenagers will be talked about. Male and female condoms, spermicides, pills, cervical barriers, and injections, will be discussed as well as the importance and the reliability of each one.A male condom helps protect partners from pregnancy and most infections. They can be used for vaginal or anal intercourse, oral sex, or sex toys and works by providing a barrier between partners so that bodily fluids, such as semen, blood and saliva are not shared. According to the Feminist Women's Health Care center (2002), condoms are 88-97% effective and are the most reliable products without a prescription. Female condoms are 79-95% effective and must be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse and are only effective when placed prior to intercourse. Some of the advantages of the male and female condom are that they prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and AIDS, available without a prescription, no hormonal side effects, Use can be part of sex play, and does not affect future fertility (Gorman, 1993).Many people know that one way to receive the HIV virus, one must have sexual contact. HIV is found in body fluids, particularly blood, semen, vaginal secretion, and breast milk. Also, it is to be believed that with the use of a condom will protect one from such a deadly virus (EngenderHealth, 2003). However, although condoms are one of the most highly effective contraceptives for birth control, according to Dr. and Mrs. Willke, they are not very effective at all against AIDS. This is because sperm have a diameter of 50 microns with a latex condom having a diameter of one micron. The AIDS causing virus, HIV, has a diameter of .1 microns. Some other disadvantages are that condoms must be readily available, can break or leak, can interrupt sex play, and often result in decreased sensation for some people. Other disadvantages primarily for the female condom are that sometimes they may be difficult to insert or use, does not contain spermicide, and are often about three times more expensive than male condoms (FWHC, 2002).Spermicides kill or disable sperm so that it cannot cause...

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