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Saint Dominic Guzman Of The Dominican Order, Saint Francis Of Assisi And Saint Thomas Aquinas

2320 words - 9 pages

The importance of new religious orders that spread new ideas and customs of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries are as significant today as it was in the early history of Christianity. For Christians to look beyond the realm of what is great and informative of the early teachings there were three philosophers and theologians of that time. To discuss those three men of God, their ideas and knowledge were a great insight to a new and fresh tradition among their followers and congregations. These new orders instituted by Saint Francis and Saint Dominic and their emulators maintained and propagated the faith among the souls of men and the social intuitions throughout the empire. These perceptive directions of work redeeming Christian captives were also produced in Saint Thomas Aquinas’s “Summa Theologica”. He was the prince of Christian doctors and moralists, whom faith considers as the most faithful interpreter of Catholic traditions and inspired by Aristotle. Saint Dominic and the Dominicans, Saint Frances of Assisi and the Franciscans and Saint Thomas Aquinas and Thomism all played a significant role of early Christianity.
Saint Dominic was born in Calaruga, Old Castile, Spain, the Son of Felix Guzman and Blessed Joan of Aza. He studied at the University of Palencia, where he was ordained. Saint Dominic was a man of God that gave praises to him all the time. He abstained from meat and observed stated fasts and periods of silence. He often did not wear sandals and wore the littlest of clothing, as the way of the life Dominic bestowed on others, was the first himself to follow. He never had a bed, usually sleeping on the side of the road. Saint Dominic founded an institute for women at Prouille in Albigensian territory. In 1206 he had attached several preaching friars to it. Dominic was determined to find truth no matter where it may have been. A small group of colleagues formed around Dominic, but they were discouraged because of his strict discipline and his menial way of life. However, soon he had found his crusade, his idea blossomed unlike some the other leaders of new movements in his age. He was intent on emphasizing his close loyalty to Pope Honorius III. Pope Honorius III took a personal interest in drafting the document, which in 1217 named Saint Dominic’s new organization as an Order of Preachers also known as the Order of the Dominicans. This group of Black Friars, (their white robe had black hoods) held no property. They were beggars who roamed the streets, but to avoid competition between different communities of Friars, they came to work within agreed boundaries or limits, which gained them yet another nickname, “Limiters”. Their life of begging made the Friars very vulnerable to their public. They would have to be in constant contact with the people to whom they ministered, always needing to justify their existence by service. Their task was to bring a message of good news and comfort to the whole church. ...

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