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Saladin Essay

730 words - 3 pages

Salah al-Din Yusuf was born in Tikrite, Iraq in 1138. He is known today as Saladin. His father, Ayyub, was promoted to the Head of Damascus Militia. Saladin was raised in the center stage of where the main political decisions regarding the Crusades were made. With his religion and education his reputation grew for his politics and leadership over the militia and his people. With these Saladin would hold many positions in government and military, and he would eventually conquer Jerusalem and defeat the third crusade.
In the Middle Ages life expectancies were low so men were given responsibilities early in their adulthood. Saladin got married at the age of fourteen and was sent to his uncle Shirkuh, a senior command officer of the military establishment in Aleppo. Once he learned his military lessons at the hands of his uncle he was made an assistant to him in an expedition to rescue Egypt from an invasion by Amalric in 1164. They were successful in defending Egypt but were led back in 1169 to defend it once again. The difference in this expedition is that he was second-commander-in –chief of the Syrian Army. When Shirkuh died in the same year Saladin took his uncle’s position. Later on he ruled Cairo and defeated the Fatimid who ruled Egypt.
Egypt was transformed into an Ayyubid Dynasty. Saladin is known for boosting the economy and education; he even gave teachers good salaries. At the age of 45 Saladin was the most influential person in the Muslim world. When Nur ed-Din, the current emir, died in 1174; the Syrian princes gave their allegiance over to Saladin making him the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He then made Damascus his home following his master Nur ed-Din. In the next twelve years he united Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, the Western parts of the Arabian Peninsula, and Yemen under the Ayyubid Dynasty. Saladin was an honest and fair ruler. He weighted every situation and never broke a bridge of diplomacy or peace initiative with his opponents. He only put well trusted rulers to govern his region to ensure their allegiance...

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