3rd hour - Phipps
In the early years of New England, and also in England itself, women were worshipped for being able to make a child and it was considered magic. Once women left to become independent, it was soon found that society could not thrive without men, and the worship ended. In worships place, men began to discriminate and seem to think they owned females. In this, women were thought of as inferior and not able to be anything special unless it was evil. This also seems to have been true for those men who respected women. In 1692, nineteen men and women were executed for being accused of witchcraft and dark magic brought upon the devil himself. In the amount of time this took place one hundred eighty-five citizens of Salem, Massachusetts, just outside of Boston, were accused of practicing witchcraft. What started this was very simple, a young girl with a large imagination, possibly a mental disorder, and it lead to death. At this time in what would some day become America, the colonies were fully dependent on their church. It was not questioned whether to be faithful or not. Medicine was not advanced, leading to horrendous misunderstandings. The witchcraft outbreak is believed to have started with a rapidly contagious illness, called smallpox, that is believed to be the reason the young girls, who began the accusations in Salem, were acting so odd in the first place, bringing attention onto them. Other possible reasons for their strange behavior, especially Betty Parris, is also considered to be from stress, or even a mental disorder such as autism or schizophrenia. Betty Parris became ill in the winter of 1692 and began acting strangely. During this time, other girls began acting the same and their actions alerted the village of Salem and talk of witchcraft rose. A neighbor, Mary Sibley, proposed a form of counter magic in attempt to save the girls. She told Tituba, the Parris’s maid from Barbados, to bake a rye cake with the urine of the afflicted victim and feed the cake to a dog, as dogs were believed to be used by witches as agents to carry out their devilish commands. By this time, suspicion had already begun to focus on Tituba, who had been known to tell the girls tales of omens, voodoo, and witchcraft from her native folklore. Her participation in making the cake only made things worse for her and eventually the whole town. Sometime after Tituba made the cake, Tituba and two other women were arrested in being accused of practicing witchcraft. Betty Parris and her cousin, Abigail Williams, were the young girls responsible for starting the accusations. Soon, other girls started telling stories of seeing “witches flying through the winter’s mist”. The two others arrested with Tituba were Sarah Good, a local beggar, and Sarah Osborn, an old woman whom had not attended church in over a year. At the women’s trial, the young girls...