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Salmon Farming In British Colombia Essay

1263 words - 6 pages

Salmon Farming in British Colombia

You are at a midsummer barbeque, you are about to take a bite of a mouth watering salmon burger, but have you considered the consequences the salmon you are about to eat has? Salmon farming is damaging to local wildlife and for this reason it is crucial that it must be halted. Salmon farming is damaging to British Colombia’s economy and must be terminated. Salmon farming must stop as it poses a health risk to its consumers. Salmon farming in British Colombia must be brought to a complete stop immediately.

Salmon farming must be halted in order to prevent further harm of local wildlife. Fish are farmed in open net enclosures, this means any disease that the farmed fish have is easily transferable to the wild salmon living in close proximity. In 2005 a disease called furunculosis spread throughout farmed Atlantic salmon on Vancouver Island. The disease killed 1.8 million farmed fish in a single hatchery; it is unknown how many wild salmon were affected by this outbreak. ( Farmed Salmon live in tightly packed groups, a perfect feeding ground for sea lice (Jansen, 2331). Sea lice attach themselves directly to salmon and feed off the blood and mucus found in the salmons skin. (Jansen, 2331) It is estimated that lea lice have put wild pink salmon “on a trajectory towards rapid local extinction and that a 99% collapse in pink salmon population abundance is expected in four salmon generations.” (qtd. in Ridell, 1790b) Salmon farms used a wide array of chemicals including antibiotics and fungicides. The fungicides are used on the nets to keep aquatic organisms such as algae from growing on them, these fungicides spill over into the local marine environment harming NY other organisms that it comes in contact with. Antibiotics that are used to treat farmed fish may also unintentionally effect the population of phytoplankton and zooplankton as well as larger, more complex organisms (Burridge, 3). Salmon farming in British Colombia must not continue as it greatly harms local wildlife.

As well as being harmful to the ecosystem salmon farming is also harmful to British Colombia’s economy. Wild salmon fishing creates more jobs than salmon farming, there are 13, 844 jobs created by wild salmon fishing and only 1,936 jobs created by salmon farming. Secondly the total GDP of salmon farms is 91 million versus 396 million of wild salmon fishing. Finally wild salmon fishing generates 966 million dollars worth of exports annually where as salmon farming generates a mere 273 million. (Marshall, 5) If salmon aquaculture continues in BC it will be detrimental to British Colombia’s tourism. Marine tourism accounts for 37% of all tourism in BC; University of British Colombia Faculty of Law states that
Despite their relative inaccessibility, Vancouver Island and the Coast Mountain region of British Columbia are among the most widely visited tourist destinations in North America. Tourism, fishing, and...

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