Sam Houston Essay

827 words - 3 pages

Sam Houston, or “Six foot Three”, was born in Virginia on March 2, 1793 into a military family. Sam was a very hot-tempered and contradictory man; who played an important role in founding Texas. His father was a military captain that had served in the Revolutionary War and died when Sam Houston was only fourteen. His mother took him and his family of nine children to live in the eastern part of Tennessee. He ran away from home at the age of 15 where he lived with the Cherokee Indians, who gave Houston the chance to learn their customs as well as language. He also got his Indian name “Co-lon-neh” or “Raven” from his adopted father Oo-lo-tee-ka, chief of the Cherokees; earned strong ties with Indian people which helped preventing their rebels against the States.His political involvement had rooted in his participation in the war of 1812 following his father route. He served under Andrew Jackson in the campaign against the Creek Indians. Because of his extreme bravery and all the work he had done along with Jackson, he was able to get a position as an Indian agent to the Cherokee. Houston studied law and from 1818 to 1821 he was appointed several positions in the militia through the endorsement of Andrew Jackson. He ran for district attorney in Nashville, Tennessee, and was elected. In 1823 he was elected to be in the House of Representatives, in 1825 he was reelected and in 1827 he won the governorship.Two years later rumors spread that he was becoming an alcoholic, and in 1829 he moved to the Indian lands of Arkansas. During this period of time he drank so much that he was known to the Cherokee as “Big Drunk.” Regardless of his health state he still made trips to Washington, D.C. for business in Indian affairs which granted him Cherokee citizenship and tribal emissary.In 1833 Houston moved to Texas and established a permanent residence. Because of the Texas revolution Houston was given the commander title in the Texas Army. When the Mexican general Santa Anna split his forces, Houston ordered to attack San Jacinto, this successful event gave Texas its most desired independence.Since Texas was now the independent Lone Star republic it needed a president, and so Houston was chosen as its first president in 1836 and also in 1841. As President, Houston secured United States recognition of Texas and stabilized the finances of the republic. When Texas was declared a state in 1846, Houston was a...

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