Since the Internet burst free of academic cloisters into the public domain during 1990s, it has been thoroughly debated whether the individual’s remarks and comments on the Internet should be restricted. Also this has drawn increasing attention due to popularity of the emerging social net like Facebook and Twitter in recent years. While some advocate that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, others argue that an uncontrollable medium of anarchy may occur owing to the freedom of speech. This paper examines both the arguments for and against of the freedom speech in Internet and provides suggestions based on these arguments.
The Internet freedom provides capable and appropriately universally accessible tools to create a new platform to gather voice from the citizens. Habermas (1989) indicates that with greater access to information approaches greater improvement of the democratic process. For the reason, this opportunity could foster the democratic development. In addition, the result of Michael and Keegan’s (2005) study corroborates a significant correlation between Internet freedom of speech and a common indicator of a nation’s level of democratization. In this information age, the liberty of speech on Internet can break the monopoly of traditional mass media about the political issues. Also this is the guarantee of the development of democracy.
While the liberty of speech on Internet strengthens the democratization, it also provides political dissidents with channels and arranges to undermine. McLaughlin (2007) reveals that in Middle East, the Internet offers non-state dissident actors a potentially potent tool to accomplish their political objectives. Consequently, without the nation-imposed constraints on Internet access, the political dissidents will largely thread the national security. Secondarily, while citizens use the Internet to discuss political ideas and to critique the prevailing regime, their point and analyses might be unilateral. This might confuse the public’s judgments, and Public confidence in the government might plunge. In view of these, imposing censorship constraints of speech on the Internet is a proper method to safeguard social stability.
Despite the political dissidents misuse the Internet. it does act an important role in many vital aspect of society，particularly in cultural interchange. Tim (2013) indicates that the transmission of different culture has developed greatly due to the Internet, and this promotes the civilization of the whole world. Internet offers the public technological networks for communicate with...