Samuel Harrison Drachman, better known as S. H. Drachman, was a significant Jewish pioneer in Arizona. He was born on November 9, 1837 in Petrokoy, Russian Poland. His parents were Harris and Rebecca Drachman. He had 2 siblings: Augusta and Philip Drachman. Philip had many difficulties with his health and he thought Arizona’s dry climate would be his treatment. Samuel was to be by his side. Samuel was 18 years old when he and Philip came to America. They shared a boat with fellow future Arizona pioneers: the Goldwater brothers.
Their first stop was in New York. They stayed there with his relatives for a short while, but soon went their separate ways. Samuel left to Charleston, South Carolina after hearing of his mother’s death. There, he worked as a staff officer of General Beauregard of the Confederate States Army for the duration of the Civil War. In 1867, he traveled to California. He stayed there briefly before going to Tucson, Arizona to join his brother in business. Philip Drachman convinced him to come to Tuscon for the economic opportunities that it offers. Philip had a very prosperous time in his career. He was a landowner, cattle rancher, and merchant. He had also been elected to the Territorial Legislature, as well as establishing the B'nai B'rith Lodge of Tucson.
Upon Samuel Drachman’s arrival in Tuscon, Philip got him to work for him and Isaac Goldberg. His job for them was mainly composed of government contracting, letter writing, making out statements, writing contracts, and stock control. Shortly after, he began establishing his career as a businessman and merchant. Drachman opened a cigar shop in Tucson. He then made a statement proclaiming his accomplishment:
“I beg to inform the public of Tucson and vicinity that I have removed to the store formerly occupied by Messrs. H. Lesinsky and Co., where I shall take pleasure to serve one and all to the best of my ability. Always on hand a well selected stock of general merchandise as is needed in Arizona.
-S. H. Drachman”
Once his shop in Tucson was firm and stable, he introduced another location in Phoenix. One of his cigar stores is the oldest tobacco establishment in Arizona. This establishment is the best known in the region and is a landmark in Tucson history to this day. In the shop, Samuel had "Ten Commandments" found on the wall in his cigar store. The following are some of them:
I. Thou shalt have none other cigars to smoke than those kept by S.H.Drachman.
II. Thou shalt not beg, but shalt buy thy chewing tobacco from S.H.Drachman.
III. Thou shalt not defraud, but shall pay unto S.H.Drachman that which is his due.
IV. Thou shalt not kiss, neither shalt thou make love to the hired girl in the absence of thy wife, but thou shalt buy cigars and tobacco of S.H.Drachman and live in peace.
V. Honor thy mother and treat thy father to one of S.H.Drachman's Havana Cigars.