San Antonio De Bexar Essay

2018 words - 8 pages

Many cities in Texas have a rich and profound history that help scholars understand the way of life of the early settlers from this area and the way their social life went on in their everyday life. One of these cities in the east part of Texas that has a rich and unique history is San Antonio de Bexar. This city has a rich history and is one of the first colonies to grow into one of the biggest cities in the United States today, San Antonio, Texas.Geographically, San Antonio de Bexar was isolated. There was no economic drive to populate San Antonio de Bexar. Its purpose was to protect the more valuable interior lands of New Spain from Europeans and Indians. However, San Antonio de Bexar grew into a great colony and it gained attention of many people including the Royal Crown back in Spain.The shaping and the cultural agenda of early San Antonio de Bexar were developed by many people and many individuals. Rancheros, Isleños, Norteños, Spaniard and many others contributed to the social culture of San Antonio de Bexar. As in many colonies in New Spain, Indians definitively had a great impact on the colonies in many different ways. In San Antonio de Bexar, the Indians that were present were the Comanches and the Apaches. The Apaches were the original inhabitants of the southern plains and lived basically with both planting and hunting. They grew crops in the spring and hunted buffalo in the fall and winter. The settlers from San Antonio de Bexar had continuous fights with the Apaches due to the fact that they took over their land and because in the early 1700s San Antonio de Bexar colonists befriended with Apache enemies and aided them in raids against Apaches. The Apaches and the settlers of San Antonio de Bexar were in constant fighting until about 1726 when both parties agreed to try and live a harmonic life among everyone. Afterwards, the Apaches started introducing themselves to the life of the new community at San Antonio de Bexar. After this, there were many other incidents were settlers of San Antonio de Bexar and other Indian tribes, including Apaches and Comanches, held raids and were constantly fighting. Because of this, there was military presence at these colonies. The military presence was there to help fight the Indians and any European threat. The military was made up of Spaniards and meztisos that came from other parts of New Spain to settle in Texas. Their presence helped San Antonio de Bexar exist and contributed with many other things important to the building of the culture of San Antonio de Bexar.The first settlers who came to San Antonio de Bexar were sons and daughters of New Spain's northern frontier. The first expedition to the area consisted of seventy two people which included thirty four soldiers. As time passed the community grew in size. A primary reason why the colony grew was because people from the Canary Islands were brought to the new colony in Texas to help populate it and make it grow. This was a...

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