Sandalwood Tree, Famous For Fragrance Essay

997 words - 4 pages


1. Taxonomy
2. Introduction
3. Origin & Geographical distribution
4. Botanical Description
5. Biology
6. Cytogenetics
(Karyotype of Diploid)
(Karyotype of Polyploid)
7. Scope in Pakistan
8. Problems
9. Products
10. Services
11. Uses


Species:album, spicatum,paniculatum etc
Chromosome no.2n=2x=20
Other names:Fragrant sandalwood, Indian sandalwood, Australian sandalwood, White Saunders, Yellow Saunders
Extraction:Steam distillation

Sandalwood tree is famous for fragrance. Its tree has aromatic woods. There are twenty five species of santalum in the world. Santalum album (Indian sandalwood) and Santalum spicatum (Australian sandalwood) are the most important species of santalum genus.

Centre of origin:Santalum album - India
Santalum spicatum - Australia
Other countries:Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri-lanka, Hawaii and pacific islands.

Santalum album


Santalum album is an evergreen tree.It grows upto 4m in Australia but in India it grows taller and gains height upto 20m and width is upto 2.4m. Its bark has different colors like dark brown, reddish, dark grey or blackish and it is smooth in young trees but rough in older trees.
Medicinal parts:
The medicinal parts are the oil extracted from the trunk wood, the heartwood freed from the sapwood & the bark, and the dried wood.
Flower and Fruit:

Flower Ripen Fruit

Flowers are in short pedicled, numerous, small, odorless, erect paniculate inflorescences. No sepals are present and perianth is campanulate, 4-5 mm long and changes from yellow to deep red. Flower has four stamens .Ovary is semi-inferior with 3 ovules is free in the bud & later enclosed in the disc.
Fruit is round, pea-sized drupe. When ripe it has red, purple to black color with diameter upto 1 cm & has hard endocarp & crowned with a scar. Fruit is almost stalkless, single seeded and smooth.
Leaves, stem, Roots:


This is a small evergreen tree up to 10 m high and produce flowers whole year. Bark is smooth but branches are droopy. Leaves are opposite,4 to 6 cm long and 2 cm wide, lanceolate, entire margined. Petiole is long up to 1 cm.
Generic name is derived from Greek ‘santalon’ meaning sandalwood.
Specie name is derived from Latin ‘albus’ meaning white, in allusion to the bark.
This tree wood is aromatic naturally.
This tree is wild in India but now it is also cultivated in India and on Timor & the Sunda Iceland’s.
 Volatile oil is 3-5%: chief components santalols (50%...

Find Another Essay On Sandalwood Tree, Famous for Fragrance

Uses of Essential Oils Essay

1040 words - 5 pages fragrance from exotic tropical, fruity, watery, floral and muguet (lily-of-the-valley). The original base of this product only has a fatty smell and alcoholic fragrance (Small, 2006). Due to increasing cosmetics product containing essential oils, there are some issues about skin sensitization. To avoid this problem, self regulatory system involving two organizations is established that is the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) and the

Himalayan Art Essay

1669 words - 7 pages that at least five episodes can be identified in this small part. As one of the plot lines of the narrated story, master Norzang is depicted escaping and hiding the boy Unanchen in a sandalwood tree. A market place and people gathering in it are depicted to the right of the previous episode. Beneath the market place people are portrayed enjoying their festival. An elephant is going to different sides of the market with a vase made of precious

Comparing and Contrasting God, gods, and worship rites.

1016 words - 5 pages earth, air, and water. Prayer offering are directed to Mazda and deities by burning sandalwood in eternal, sacred flames, and praying for home visits, and request to avoid temptation. Likewise to Hinduism, Zoroaster’s also favored the sacramental juice from a sacred plant called haoma as a worship sacrifice. According to Zoroaster faith, Ahura Mazda revealed himself to the world through six modes to assist in comprehending his nature. Therefore

Sex in Advertising

1764 words - 7 pages , I do not want my children to see some ads because they are too excessive for children. By researching this topic, I hope I can learn what is harmful for young people. I think sex sells have both good and bad effects on commercial and ethical aspects. Now, I have three questions about sex in advertising. First, I want to know when and how it has been used. I think there should be many famous advertisements with sexual images. Next, I would

The Role of Nature and Society in The Scarlet Letter

967 words - 4 pages attributes the group as lacking individuality does indeed contribute to a greater belief of his: that society itself lacks individuality--rather, suppresses individuality. Individuals try so much to conform to society and to match its ideals that they have consequently restricted themselves within bars. Rather than actively judge for themselves, the group passively move as a crowd. However, Hawthorne did not condemn society, namely the Puritan

Andree Putman Bio

728 words - 3 pages new opportunities for new fashion designers like Issey Miyake, Jean-Charles de Castelbajac, Thierry Mugler etc. In 1978 Putman started her own company, Ecart, where she reproduced furniture from the early 20th century by some of the most famous designers such as Rovert Mallet-Stevens, Pierre Charieau, Mario Fortuny, Jean-Michel Frank and Eileen Gray. Ironically, by doing so she helped these once unrecognized designers finally gain recognition

Land Use and Management

1412 words - 6 pages major source of forest destruction is generally caused by logging and the invasion of land-hungry people from other areas. These people are usually only interested in the expensive hardwood such as mahogany, teak, sandalwood, or ebony. Although only a few trees might be taken per 100 acres, the result is widespread destruction. Because the trees braches are usually interlocked, cutting down one tree can possibly take down many others. Road

Operant condition

758 words - 3 pages Marley’s new fragrance for women. There are thousand types of inserts in magazines, ranging from “Afflicted Yard Life” to Teen Magazine. They incorporate all ages, genders, and attitudes. But, this particular Marley advertisement is target to a more sensual and seductive woman who desires that “rush” in everyday life. The object is to receive the tester of the perfume, open the side flap and rub the fragrance slip on your wrists, neck and other body

A Justification of Luca Turin’s Vibrational Theory of Scent

1865 words - 7 pages Science is used to explain everything. However, there are some topics which are disputed in the scientific community. One such topic is the proposed question, “How do we, humans, smell?” As for the answer to this question, there are two main theories which should be mentioned. The first is a theory based on the idea that the shape of a molecule determines it’s scent in the human nose (TED). The second such answer is the theory that smell is

Biography: Lord Byron

1579 words - 6 pages hath done for this delicious land! What fruits of fragrance blush on every tree!" He immediatelly retorts by describing its hostile political situation of Portugal against the French and follows on by describing the the general social decay which the country seems to be experiencing. Harold makes his leave and begins to explain his view on the situation of Spain where he complements its women for being brave when faced with peril due to a war in

Interesting facts about the montezuma cypress tree, with bibliography and quoted text.

803 words - 3 pages shed its old needles to make room for the new growth. The tree produces inconspicuous, non-showy flowers in February. These give way to dry, hard, brown, oval fruit, which shows us that it is a dicot. The female cone is 0.6 to 1 inch long (1.5-2.5 cm). T. mucronatum has many common names including Ahuehuete, Pentamu, Penaton, Ciprés, Sabino, and Yaga-quichi xina. Legend holds that the first of these plants was cultivated by a Quetzacoatl

Similar Essays

Comparing Two Advertisements Essay

1090 words - 4 pages Advertisements are produceed to help sell a product and to make it known. You can see advertisements in magazines, on television, in the newspaper, they come through the post and are on billboards. In my essay I intend to find the differences and similarities between adverts for a men's fragrance and a fragrance aimed at women. The men's fragrance is not a new product it is a limited edition fragrance. The product

Aromatherapy As An Alternative Medicine An In Depth Look At Aromatherapy And Pregnancy.

1717 words - 7 pages Absolute - excellent for balancing the hormones as well as the emotions. If you are recovering from trauma (including miscarriage or serious career pressure) then invest in Rose Absolute but if your cycle is normal or near normal then Geranium is perfectly suitable, and much cheaper. Sandalwood - a favourite choice for blending with almost any other oil for the ultimate in relaxation. Sandalwood can have a similar effect on the mind as alcohol, so

Home Remedies For Cysts Essay

890 words - 4 pages . Home Remedies for Cysts using essential oils • A medicinal mixture can be prepared using four drops of grapefruit, juniper, and cypress. To this you can further add six drops of laurel and 30 ml of sunflower. • Sandalwood oil can also be used in the treatment of cysts. Just use simple 5 drops of sandalwood oil on the affected area to get relief from cysts. Applying these oils on the affected area will relief as the oil penetrates into the skin

Marketing Swot Of Lux Essay

4510 words - 18 pages what strategies the company uses to market its world famous beauty soap, LUX, in Bangladesh ; the positive and negative aspects of those strategies.. The project discusses the process of using market segmentation, target marketing, the product, pricing, promotional and distribution strategies and a competitive analysis as well as customer based brand equity of Lux. Methodology of this project: For accessibility and availability of