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Sandinista Movement Essay

970 words - 4 pages

Nicaragua: From Somoza to the RevolutionGrowing up in Nicaragua in the fifties and sixties was no easy task. With corrupt leadership, and horrid living conditions we seemed to be a doomed country. We had no land to own, no education, and no money. Something had to change, and it needed to be quick. With the ideas of our great leader in the twenties, revolutionist's, like myself, knew what we had to do.The Somoza dynasty began in 1936. Claiming himself dictator, after militarily overthrowing the country, Anastasio Somoza Sr. had used his country in his best interest (Notes). He Supported the United States for anti-communism during the cold war. Infact, the Somoza's Mansion was so close to the U.S. Embassy and it was rumored there was an underground tunnel leading to it. The one thing that revolutionist's despised most besides the fact of him supporting the imperialist, was that he assassinated the great Cesar Sandino (Chasteen, 294-2950). His greed for wealth and land eventually rolled over into his son's dictatorships and their view of politics for Nicaragua. First came Luis in the late fifties and early sixties, then Anastasio Jr. in the mid sixties, until the late seventies. During Anastasio's rein, there was no system of education for the youth, and illiteracy was at 90%. Compared to all of the other children in the world, I felt as if we were being left behind. Another astonishing figure was that during this time only one percent, of the two and a half million people in Nicaragua, owned all of the land. Of that one percent, the Somoza family owned 20-25 percent of the land in Nicaragua (Notes). This really affected the youth and young adults who had ambitions of becoming a success in the future. Dreams were crushed, and famine was hitting us hard.The first steps for our revolution were finally taking place in 1961, when Carlos Fonseca created the Sandinista Front of National Liberation (FSLN), which was named after Cesar Sandino (Notes). The Sandinistas began a guerilla war in 1963 against the Somoza regime, but we were not very successful at first (Wikipedia). At first I hesitated to join forces with the Sandinistas out of fear of Somoza, but in 1968 at the age of 18, I began to engage in this fight. The Sandinistas slowly gained the support of the people, after Anastasio Jr. displayed poor leadership.Anastasio Jr. isolated the elite of the country, and after the earthquake in Managua in 1972; he showed what his main concern was. The city was in a state of emergency, and instead of aiding his own people, he spent the emergency funds on what he wanted. For many, this was what made them join in our movement for revolution (Notes). The Sandinistas finally gained the full support of the country in 1978, when Anastasio Jr. made a huge mistake when he assassinated the great...

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