Sanitation And Housing Conditions Alexandria, Virginia

1062 words - 4 pages

Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia and is recognized as one of the best places to live and do business on the east coast. The city’s urban planning showcases the city’s vibrant, diverse, historic, and unique neighborhoods. Urban planning began there in the 19th Century. Urban populations rose drastically, and a host of problems came with it: unsanitary conditions, overcrowding, and corruption of government. Economic depressions promoted a climate of social unrest, violence, labor strikes, and disease (Rose, 1997). In the beginning of the 19th century, development of American cities often took a compact, mixed-use form, reminiscent of that found in places like old town Alexandria. By the early 20th century, the focus was on the geography of water supplies, sewage disposal, and urban transportation (Virginia Places, 2010). This paper will discuss the city’s historical and current sanitation program and housing accommodations for sewage disposal.
Before the 19th Century, sewage disposal was virtually unknown until the first American cities were built around the 1700’s. Human waste was originally disposed of in the woods, but some wealthy Virginians built large houses and used chamber pots to "do their business" indoors, and the contents would be thrown into the back yard. Later, as towns developed, waste was tossed into the streets to decompose or be washed away in the rainstorms (Virginia Places, 2010). Privies or outhouses were also built in back yards and were commonly used to dispose of waste. Toilets, also known as “water closets,” were put into homes in the mid 19th Century in the United States. The water closet had indoor plumbing where piping was run through the roof, and a gravity water system was setup allowing water to flow downhill. Today, “almost everyone uses ceramic toilets, and the waste goes quickly out of sight and out of mind” (Virginia Places, 2010).
The first real sanitation (waste/sewer) system was developed in England. This sewer system was called “water carriage.” This system promised to be the most efficient way to eliminate waste for households (Levy, 2011). The simple invention was a pipe made with a relatively small diameter cut, with a cross section for a sufficient amount of water to flow through making it self-cleansing, which easily could carry away fecal matter (Levy, 2011). This new “water carriage” showed great promise, but the planning would be a challenge for the city to determine where to install sewer lines (Levy, 2011).
In the development of new areas, planning was essential to utilize sewer systems in communities. The community had to be designed in such a way to be adequate for both sewage and storm water drainage (Olmsted, 2009). One of the most well known Architects of the 19th Century was Frederick Law Olmsted. Olmsted was the leading landscape architect of the post-Civil War generation and has long been acknowledged as the founder of American landscape...

Find Another Essay On Sanitation and Housing Conditions Alexandria, Virginia

Geography Fieldwork Essay

1969 words - 8 pages Tyson’s Corner, between Vienna and McLean, Virginia, is the largest shopping mall in Virginia and is located 12.5 miles (20.1 kilometers) from the Central Business District of Washington D.C. The second mall being sampled is Landmark Mall, which is located in a triangle formed by Duke Street (Virginia State Route 236), Shirley Highway (I-395), and Van Dorn Street (Virginia State Route 401) in Alexandria, Virginia. By sampling similar housing and

The Successes of Progressive Era Reformers

1055 words - 5 pages government’s policies. Progressive Era reformers looked to clean up America of its many problems that came up during the Gilded Age. They helped to diminish child labor, expose the dreadful working conditions in many workplaces, and establish fair business practices. Progressives were also successful in enhancing society through efforts in conservation of the environment, better education, and improved sanitation and housing in urban areas. The area

mega cities essay

1170 words - 5 pages cemeteries in Cairo, and ¼ of the Philippines population residing in slums. This informal housing creates a number of problems for its residents and government; it lacks basic services (sewerage, electricity, water), leading to unsanitary living conditions. There is a lack of tenure, which is the legal right to occupy land, which stops residents from wanting to improve property, insecurity for people and also extremely high crime rates particularly

Urban Life During the Second Industrial Revolution

878 words - 4 pages from cemeteries around the city. Death, just one more natural occurrence in a large city, had been institutionalized into nothing more than dumping of the bodies and moving on. Many of the reforms in sanitation came as a response by the middle class to a fear of revolution. Many felt that the atrocities of the cities were spawning rebellious citizens, and if housing and sanitation reforms didn't come quickly, riots were sure to break out. Many of

Assisting the Country of Vietnam

1624 words - 7 pages Vietnam is part of the many countries classified as third world countries. For the past decades Vietnam has been moving towards becoming a developed country by improving their living conditions and economy; but Vietnamese citizens continue to face many struggles that restrains them from having a healthy and enjoyable life. One fundamental crisis that Vietnam is suffering from is the prodigious lack of sanitation and hygiene around the country

Victorian Health and Medicine

1131 words - 5 pages and heart. This air caused and controlled by the clutches of the sanitation but since it was not improving very well the air just caused unwanted illness. Florence Nightingale, a pioneer for better sanitation in hospitals and reformer in nursing, made many profound statements to the public about sanitation in hospitals. “Sir Arthur Newsholme felt obligated to remind his audience of the horrible conditions of hospitals before Lister in explaining

Dharavi: Asia´s Largest Slum and Problems

1551 words - 6 pages slum dwellers with no alternative housing options, little is being done to improve the infrastructure of the slums they live in. As such, the quality of life for those living in Mumbai slums is a key housing issue. No example better depicts urban blight at its worse then Mumbai’s largest: Dharavi. Although the 1970’s and 80’s saw policies that helped improve amenity provisions such as water and sanitation in Mumbai slums, policies from the 1990

Philanthropy and Fund for Projects

1792 words - 8 pages the USD15 million donations to Sanitation Financing Partnership Trust Fund by The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, they are able to help to improve the living conditions of communities in the Asian region. Another notable philanthropist is Warren Buffet, who has made a number of countless philanthropic contributions among them are “to give away 85 percent of his fortune, or about $37.4 billion, all in Berkshire stock. Of that amount, he

Clean Water: Boring Beverage or Life Saving Luxury?

2425 words - 10 pages . Auburn University at Montgomery, and Troy State University. The Water Source Book. Alexandria, Virginia: Legacy, INC. Partners in Environmental Education, 1997. Print. Enecio, Jeremy. "Jeremy Enecio - Art - Nucleus | Art Gallery and Store." Nucleus | Art Gallery and Store. Nucleus Art Gallery, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. . Jan, Muhammad Dawood. "Hunger and Thirst by Muhammad Dawood Jan | Best Poems


1734 words - 7 pages ), although common to army camps of the time, were preventable. These illnesses were principally caused by filthy living conditions, poor hygiene, and a "general neglect of sanitation" within the army camps. The problem was many physicians at the time simply did not know the causes of these illnesses. The lessons learned from previous wars, such as the American Revolution, were not recorded by the physicians treating the wounded and sick during the

Freddie Mac Ethics

1361 words - 5 pages SEC to issue subpoenas for evidence. A criminal investigation was also opened by the District Attorney’s office in Alexandria, Virginia. This news really shook Wall Street as Freddie Mac was the nation’s 2nd biggest home mortgage company. As a government subsidized entity, they as well as Fannie May, had been above reproach for a very long time. They were golden and almost untouchable. They had a steady supply of funds to draw on to subsidize

Similar Essays

Alexandria, Virginia Enviromental Policy Essay

2322 words - 9 pages Like most cities, Alexandria, Virginia faces a series of environmental challenges ranging from climate change and rising energy costs to problems of air quality and traffic congestion (Eco-City Alexandria, 2007). City officials recognize the need for a comprehensive and coordinated strategy to effectively address environmental issues, but Alexandria’s real challenge is pulling together all of their respective plans, programs, and policies and

Sustainable Sanitation For Urban Slum Essay

4880 words - 20 pages (ICMA 2010).Urban slum growth and its deteriorated conditions of life are major challenge and must be a priority of development in both national and international level (Butala et al. 2010). The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has addressed directly the associated issues to reduce the number of population without basic services, particularly access to improved water and sanitation (in target 7C) and significant life improvement of slum dwellers

Sustainable Sanitation For Urban Slum Population

4880 words - 20 pages (ICMA 2010).Urban slum growth and its deteriorated conditions of life are major challenge and must be a priority of development in both national and international level (Butala et al. 2010). The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has addressed directly the associated issues to reduce the number of population without basic services, particularly access to improved water and sanitation (in target 7C) and significant life improvement of slum dwellers

The Living Conditions Imposed Upon The Public In The Industrial Revolution

733 words - 3 pages continued to spread and very few people took notice of Dr. Snow's discovery. The every day living conditions for the people of the industrial revolution were horrendous, and the working conditions weren't much better, if not worse. The horrible sanitation, cramped close quarters, shoddy house construction, and rampant disease all made for a very hard life.