This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Saturn Essay

2374 words - 9 pages

Saturn

Saturn is the outermost planet of the planets known in ancient times. The earliest known observations of Saturn, by the Babylonians, can be reliably dated to the mid-7th century BC, but it was probably noticed much earlier, since Saturn tends to shine brighter than most stars. To the naked eye it appears yellowish. The Greeks named it after Cronus, the original ruler of Olympus, who in Roman is the god Saturn.
Saturn is the 6th planet in order distance from the sun. It cannot approach the planet Earth closer than 1,190,000,000 kilometers. Its brightness is due to its large size. Saturn's equatorial diameter is 120,660 kilometers, but its globe is kind of flattened, and the polar diameter is only 108,000 kilometers. The mass of Saturn is 95.17 times that of the Earth, and the escape velocity, which is the velocity which once attained it will enable the object to "coast" away from the planet, is 32.26 kilometers per second, more than three times that of the Earth. Saturn's outer layers are made up of gas, it is a world quite unlike our own.
Saturn's ring system is in a class of its own. While Jupiter and Uranus also have rings, those of Saturn are striking, and a telescope of moderate power will show them excellently. There can be no doubt that Saturn is one of the most beautiful objects in the sky.

The first telescopic observations of Saturn have been made by Galileo in July 1610. He saw the disk of the planet clearly, but his telescope gave only a magnification of 32 diameters and that was not good enough to show the ring system in the way we know it nowadays. Galileo thought that Saturn must be a triple planet and wrote that "Saturn is not one alone, but is composed of three, which almost touch one another." Two years later, he found to his surprise that the "companions" had vanished, so that Saturn appeared as a single object. The ring system was then edge-on to the Earth, and this is why it could not be seen in Galileo's telescope. The original aspect was seen again in the years following 1613, but Galileo was never able to interpret it correctly. Various strange theories were proposed to explain the planet's unusual form. Hevelius of Danzig, for example, believed Saturn to be elliptical in shape, with two "appendages" attached to the surface.
The problem was solved by a Dutch astronomer, Christian Huygens, who began his observations in 1655. The telescopes that he used were much more powerful than Galileo's, and gave a sharper defintion, so in a short time he concluded that " Saturn is surrounded by a thin, flat ring which nowhere touches the body of the planet." His theory was not widely excepted, but by 1665 it had been universally accepted, even though the nature of the ring system was not established until much later. Data for Saturn are given in table one on the next page.

Table 1: Planetary Data For Saturn
Distance from the Sun Mean 9.54 a.u. (1,472,000,000 km)
Maximum 10.07 a.u.
Minimum 9.01 a.u.
...

Find Another Essay On Saturn

Painting Analysis: Saturn Devouring His Son by Francisco Goya

1078 words - 5 pages As mythology has always piqued my interest, Roman and Greek mainly, it is only natural that Saturn Devouring His Son by Francisco Goya stopped me from turning the page. This piece has been burned in my head since I was a junior in high school. The painting doesn’t have a lot of color, light, patterns, or textures but it draws you in instantly. It is a horrific image to look at, but the same time you can’t look away at this man savagely eating

Titan: The Largest Moon of Saturn

891 words - 4 pages Our knowledge gained of Titan has drastically improved since the early 1980s when Voyager flew past it. Titan is Saturn’s largest moon and the second largest moon of our solar system. It has a diameter estimated roughly 40% of Earth’s moon (Titan’s Radius: 2576, Moon’s Radius: 1737) and is 80% more massive (Titan’s Mass: 1.35 x 10^23 kg, Moon’s Mass: 7.35 x 10^22 kg. Titan has a atmospheric surface pressure 50% more than of Earth’s. In addition

A Closer Look at Mimas

1522 words - 6 pages The Saturn Moon Mimas Mimas is an inner moon of Saturn and is the innermost of the major moons, which are Enceliadus, Tethys, Dione, Rhea, Titan, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Phoebe. Mimas has a crater named the Herschel Crater, which is approximately 88 miles and one-third the diameter of Mimas. The walls of the Herschel Crater are approximately 3 miles high and parts of the floor of the crater range approximately 6 miles deep. The central peak

Why Saturns Are Greaat

989 words - 4 pages . Is she alive, or she is dead? They pulled her out of the car yes she is alive. The inside of the car was just fine it was just the out side of the car. There was not a scratch on her. She was driving a Saturn SC2. If it were not for that car she would be sleeping in never ending darkness. What makes Saturn so great is the safety. There are a million other reasons Saturn's are so great a few are safety, gas mileage.When it comes to the Saturn

Descriptive Statistics Paper

955 words - 4 pages and good for symmetrical distributions. The mean price for the four SUV's, the Kia Sorento, Jeep Liberty, Ford Escape, and Saturn VUE is $21,172.50. For the same four cars the mean of miles per gallon is 19.88, and the mean for the warranty is 4.5 years and 68,000miles.MedianThe median is good to use for all levels of measurements except for nominal data and is easy to compute. A median always exists and will not be affected by extreme values. For

Planets in the Solar System

646 words - 3 pages Our solar system has eight planets, their moons and satellites, and they are all orbiting the Sun. The eight planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Pluto used to be the ninth planet but IAU changed the definition of planet and Pluto did not meet the standards so it is now a Dwarf planet. Mercury is the first planet closest to the Sun. It is the smallest planet in the solar system. Mercury rotates three

How Advancement in Technology Helped the USA Reach The Moon First?

1128 words - 5 pages very important during this time because of the Cold War era and they used satellites to spy on one another. Both countries were strong military wise and it was an equal match but to prove who’s the strongest the race to space began. One thing that helped build a space rocket was a V-2 rocket built by the Germans during WWII. Throughout the years the V-2 rocket turned into the Saturn V rocket. The Saturn V was a rocket NASA built to send people to

Uranus

536 words - 2 pages stratosphere, and clouds of methane ice low in the troposphere. The cloud particles constantly recycle themselves, first creating then destroying the heaviest crystals. This is an indication that Uranus' atmosphere is still evolving from its formation out of the solar nebula. Because Uranus lies on its side, Uranus has very strange seasons. Motions in the cloud patterns indicate that, like Jupiter and Saturn, the basic meteorology of Uranus can be

Hal Riney & Partners

1763 words - 7 pages vehicle, Public Broadcasting Service, See's Candies, Inc., Kaiser Permanente, Saturn Corporation, Subway Restaurant, Mirage Resorts, Inc., The Good Guys!, Pharmative Corporation, The Stroh Brewery Co., Progressive Insurance, Crystal Geyser Water, Kinko's Service Corporation, Sprint PCS (formerly known as Sprint Spectrum), and Serta, Inc.Sprint PCS, a recently acquired client, has an estimated budget of $20 - $30 million. Hal Riney's first

History as Natural History & The Destruction of the World

1503 words - 7 pages W.G. Sebald’s novel The Rings of Saturn explores the relationship between toleration and persecution through a first person narrative. The novel is preoccupied with loss and the ways we have tried to come to terms with mortality. It is a meditation on the destructive nature of history, the human lives affected, and the restorative power of art. However, his work is not simply a record of these human-induced catastrophes, but also attempts to

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales - Enslavement and Freedom in the Knight's Tale

2099 words - 8 pages various divinities, especially Saturn, and the supernatural power that they represent (Frost 106).  And even though Theseus ascribes Jupiter as the "Firste Moevere of the cause above,"(2988) in the case of the tournament, Saturn has total control .   Saturn ordains that Arcite shall win the tournament with the help of Mars (2732), decrees that Palamon shall win Emily (2731), and summons Pluto to give a death blow to Arcite (2685). This tournament is

Similar Essays

Game Review Sega Saturn

1417 words - 6 pages There were several reasons why I decided to get a Sega Saturn, and one of them was to experience the unpredictable mind of Kenji Eno, founder of the dearly departed developer Warp. Never heard of Warp? I wouldn't be surprised. Their reputation has faded into nothing more than a piece of video game trivia from the mid-to-late 1990s. An esoteric Japanese game developer, Warp was helmed by Eno and taken in some rather interesting directions. Their

Saturn: The Spectacular Ringed Planet Essay

1242 words - 5 pages Introduction The solar system has eight planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Of these eight planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are known as gas planets, which means that they are made up of mostly hydrogen and helium and they don’t have a distinct surface. These four planets are also the only planets with rings around them. Although Jupiter is the largest of the four gas planets, Saturn’s rings

Comparison Of The Planets Jupiter And Saturn

2311 words - 9 pages Jupiter & Saturn Jupiter & Saturn Jupiter�is the largest planet in our solar system. It has a�mass that is greater than the masses of all the other planets in the solar system added together. Astronomers call Jupiter a gas giant�because the planet consists mostly of hydrogen and helium, and have no solid surface. When seen with the unaided eye, Jupiter has a pale orange color. Viewed through a telescope or in

Saturn : A Different Kind Of A Car Company : Hbs Case

804 words - 3 pages and engines. Saturn wanted to change that perception by making frequent incremental improvements and designing the cars with advanced engine components and features as well as offering generous levels of standard equipment* Increased emphasis on customer's service by building the positive brand awareness - 'selling the company with the car', identifying closely with the customer and treating him/her on a personal level. Enhancing the buying