Saving The Chesapeake Bay Essay

2568 words - 11 pages

Introduction
The Chesapeake Bay is a large estuary located on the east coast of the United States. The bay is over 200 miles long and goes through Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. The bay has much to offer the locals. Many locals have made a career out of harvesting the bay's sea food. The bay's harvest and many of its other attractions bring tourists and in turn revenue for the area. Oysters and blue crab are a big part of the culture in the bay area. However, these organisms are in danger and need help.
Description of the problem
Eutrophication is a concern in the Chesapeake Bay. Eutrophication is caused by excessive amounts of nutrients. Excessive nutrients in the bay have negative affects on the bay's ecosystem. The extra nutrients make the environment unbalanced. The extra nutrients cause a chain reaction that depletes oxygen and kills most of the organisms in that area. This is what is known as a dead zone.
Organization of the paper
First the causes of the dead zone will be introduced. Large contributors of excessive nutrients will be discussed. There is not one source to blame the Chesapeake Bay dead zone is a large problem with many variables that effect each other. Next the pressure that is put on the bay and its organisms will be discussed. A picture of what you might find out in the dead zone will be painted. The reality of the rapidly declining organism populations will be understood. Third, the possible solutions will be explained. Since this is a multiple variable problem there are many potential solutions that may or may not work. Last the lack of action will be observed. There are many solutions that could bring the bay back to life but the cost and lack of effort from legislators are slowing the improvement of the bay.

Synthesis of source information
The works referred to in this paper are a culmination of research, hypothetical planning and articles reporting on what is going on in the restoration of the bay. The causes have been found in research conducted in the bay area. Researchers also identify what kind of pressure is put on the ecosystem and hypothesize ways to save the ecosystem and combat the causes of the dead zone. The solutions are often based off the research conducted to find the causes. Once the problem has been identified scientists begin to create ways to reduce the problem area. Solutions can also address how to aide the organisms now by restoring habitats instead of waiting for nutrient levels to be reduced. Each source points a finger at what or who is to blame for the lack of results but when you look at the bigger picture you can see that it is a combination and that this is not a one answer solves all problem.
Causes of the dead zone
When the Chesapeake Bay is observed on a map it appears massive. This can be misleading. The bay takes up a large part of land but it is not very deep and does not contain much water. This makes the bay vulnerable to...

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