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Schizophrenia. Essay

1124 words - 4 pages

SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a mental disorder that causes a disturbance in the brain. Schizophreniacauses a persons thoughts, perceptions, mood, and behavior to be distorted. Signs thatsomeone may have schizophrenia usually begin to appear in adolescence or young adults.Schizophrenia is believed to be caused by numerous factors all acting together. Some factors thathave been linked to causing schizophrenia are brain trauma that was caused around birth, stress,and social isolation. There is not a single factor which causes the disease, but the more factorsinvolved, is thought to cause a higher risk of schizophrenia.Schizophrenia can be difficult to detect in a person because all of the symptoms ofschizophrenia, can be linked to other mental disorders. There is no single test that can be done tosay if a patient has the disease, but if a doctor sees that a patient has symptoms of schizophreniafor six or more months, they will diagnose them with the disorder. While scientists do not knowfor sure what causes schizophrenia, they can tell the brains of people with schizophrenia aredifferent from people without the illness. Recent research shows that the disease is associatedwith problems with brain chemistry and brain structure(www.frontierhealth.org/lifematters/displaydoc.asp?58).Delusions are one of the symptoms associated with schizophrenia. When someoneexperiences delusions they either believe they have superior powers or become paranoid thatsomeone is constantly spying on them or that their thoughts and actions are revealed to the world.Even when evidence can be shown against this, they can not change their delusions(www.schizophrenia.com).Another common sign of the illness is hallucinations. Hallucinations occur when theperson hears, sees, tastes, smells, or feels things that are not there. The most common form ofhallucinations in schizophrenia patients is hearing voices. The voices are sometimes threatening,frightening, or they can command the person to harm someone. Not all of the voices they hear arenegative. Some people hear voices of reassurance (www.schizophrenia.com).Altered senses is another symptom of the disorder. Altered senses cause the person tohavetrouble making sense out of everyday sounds and feelings. For people who suffer from alteredsenses, the world can seem distracting or scary. People who experience this also usually becomevery sensitive to shapes, colors, and background noise.Schizophrenia can also cause an altered sense of emotion. Altered senses of emotioncause the person to express their feelings in inappropriate ways, such as laughing in a serioussituation. Others with this symptom may not express any feelings towards anyone in any givensituation (www.frontierhealth.org/lifematters/displaydoc.asp?58).Thought disorders are another sign of the disorder. The person may have difficultieshaving conversations because they have a tendency to go from one topic to another very fast.They may have difficulties taking the idea of...

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